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Which Article of the Constitution envisages free and compulsory education for children up to the age of 6 years?
A. Article 45
B. Article 19
C. Article 29
D. Article 32

Last updated date: 13th Jun 2024
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Hint: Compulsory free education up to the age of fourteen is provided to Indian citizens under the constitution of India. It is considered a fundamental right for children between the age group of 6-14 years.

Complete answer:
Under article 19 of the Constitution of India, all the citizens are provided with freedom of speech and expression. It also allows citizens to assemble peacefully without arms and to form associations and unions. It provides the right to settle down in any part of the territory of India and practice any profession or to carry out trade and business. Under Article 29 of the constitution of India citizens from any section who reside in the territory of India who has a different language, script or culture have the right to conserve it. This article also deals with education, it states that citizens cannot be denied admission in any educational institution on the basis of their religion, race, caste, language.
Article 32 of the Constitution of India grants extensive original jurisdiction to the Supreme court in regard to enforcement of fundamental rights.
Under Article 45 of the constitution of India, it states that states shall strive to provide free education and compulsory education of the age group of 6 to 14 years under the 86th constitutional Amendment Act of 2002. The 86th Constitutional Amendment Act of 2002 also changed the subject matter of Article 45 which stated that the state shall provide early childhood and education up to the age of 6 to all children.
So, the correct answer is Option A.

Note: Under Article 45 of the constitution of India strives to provide free and compulsory education for all the children up to the age of 6. In a Directive principle of the constitution of India under Article 45 free and compulsory education provision is made for children up to 14 years within 10 years of promulgation of the constitution.