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How many valence electrons does helium have?

seo-qna
Last updated date: 14th Jun 2024
Total views: 384.6k
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Answer
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Hint: There are various shells in the atoms which are denoted by K, L, M, N, etc. According to the number of electrons in the atoms are arranged in the shells and the last shell of the atom is the valence shell and the electrons in that shell are valence electrons. The atomic number of hydrogen is 2, so there are two electrons in helium.

Complete Solution :
- The periodic table is the arrangement of elements according to their increasing number of electrons and these electrons are filled in the orbits according to their increasing energies. There are various shells in the atoms which are denoted by K, L, M, N, etc, which represents the specific energy of the shell. The shell K represents 1, the shell L represents 2, the shell M represents 3, the shell N represents 4. Each shell has specific sub-shells which are s, p, d, f, etc.
- According to the number of electrons in the atoms are arranged in the shells and the last shell of the atom is the valence shell and the electrons in that shell are valence electrons and these valence electrons are responsible for the bond formation. As the valence electron decides the block of the element, if the last electron enters in the s-subshell then the element is of s-block.
- The atomic number of helium is 2, so there are two electrons in the helium atom, therefore, its configuration will be $1{{s}^{2}}$. Only two electrons are present and the last shell is 1s and there are 2 electrons present in it, so the number of valence electrons is 2.

Note: The K shell has one sub-shell (s), the L shell has two sub-shells (s, p), the M shell has three sub-shells (s, p, d), the N shell has four sub-shells (s, p, d, f). The valence electrons are the total number of electrons in the last shell combining all the sub-shell.