Courses
Courses for Kids
Free study material
Offline Centres
More
Store

# What is the total number of electrons in the correct Lewis dot formula of the sulfite ion?(A) $26$(B) $32$(C) $30$(D) $8$

Last updated date: 11th Sep 2024
Total views: 419.1k
Views today: 7.19k
Verified
419.1k+ views
Hint:Lewis dot structure or electron dot structure show the bonding between different atoms and also represents the lone pair. The number of dots around the symbol of an element in Lewis dot structure represents the number of valence electrons.

In $1961$, Kossel and Lewis individually explained the formation of chemical bonds in terms of electrons.
Lewis made some assumptions to explain the chemical bonding:
He assumed the atom as ‘kernel’ having positive charge and the outer shells accommodate maximum eight electrons occupying corners of the cube, surrounding the ‘kernel’.
He finally concluded that the atoms form chemical bonds to obtain a stable octet
In Lewis dot structure, the electrons of valence shell or the valence shell or the valence electrons are shown around the symbol of the atom.
For example, $Na$(sodium), have atomic number $11$and they have only one valence electron which can be represented as:
-Na
In the given question, we need to calculate the total number of electrons in sulfite.
Structure of sulfite is:

A Sulphite molecule is made up of one Sulphur and three oxygen atoms.
Total number of electrons in Sulphur $= 6$
Total number of electrons in oxygen $= 3\left( 6 \right) = 18$
Electrons added due to negative charge$= 2$
Hence, sulphites have electrons$= 6 + 18 + 2 = 26$ electrons.

Note:
-For calculating the total number of electrons in a Lewis dot structure, we add both the bonded electron and lone pair of electrons.
-Also, the charge is an important factor in determining the total number of electrons. If negative charge is there on the electron which means gain of electron, then that number of electrons are added in the total number of electrons. Whereas, if the positive charge is there on the molecule, then that number of electrons are subtracted from the total number of electrons.