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# The V-I characteristics of four circuit elements are shown below. Which among the following is an ohmic conductor?A. B. C. D.

Last updated date: 06th Sep 2024
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Hint: According to ohm’s law the voltage drop across a conductor is directly proportional to the current flowing in it. This law is only valid when external factors such as temperature remain constant. If the temperature changes around the current-carrying material different materials act differently according to their properties.

Complete step by step solution:
The material which follows ohm's law is termed as ohmic conducting material (ohmic conductor).
Ohm's law states that the voltage drop across a conductor is directly proportional to the current flowing in the closed path in constant external conditions.
$V\propto I$
So when the value of the voltage drop increases the current flowing through the circuit will also increase.
This proportionality can be resolved with the introduction of a proportionality constant.
$V=RI$
This proportionality constant ($R$) is known as resistance. It is an internal property of the material.
The value of the resistance for any circuit can be calculated by taking the ratio of voltage and the total current flowing through the circuit.
$R=\dfrac{V}{I}$
When a lot is drawn between the voltage and current, as the value of voltage increases the value of current will also increase. This will form an increasing straight-line graph from the origin.
The slope of the plotted graph will represent the value of the resistance in the circuit.

Thus from the above discussion, it can be concluded that, among the graphs mentioned in the option which represents the graphical representation of an ohmic conductor is Option C.

Note:
Ohm's law has a drawback that it is not able to explain the relation between voltage and current in complex circuits which includes passive elements like capacitor and inductor. It also failed to explain the superconductivity behavior of the conductors. But this law is still used to solve linear circuits.