Hint: The Constitution of India guarantees its citizens some basic human rights enlisted as the Fundamental Rights. These rights are enshrined in the Constitution and applied without any discrimination. In case of violation, a person can approach a court of law as these rights are enforceable by the court.
The Constitution of India recognizes Fundamental rights as a group of rights requiring a high degree of protection from government encroachment. These rights act as the backbone of the country by safeguarding its people’s interests and protecting them from the state. They ensure all the freedom that makes one’s life worth living as well as protect those liberties from any arbitrary state actions.
The fundamental rights are essential for the all-around development of the country as they prevent the establishment of authoritarian and dictatorial rule in the country by limiting the powers of the government. All the laws, order, regulations etc can be subject to judicial review and can be declared unconstitutional by the supreme court or the high Court if they violate any fundamental right.
These rights are not absolute and are subject to reasonable restrictions but can be altered only through a constitutional amendment. This provision helps to keep a check on the executive branch as well as the legislature of the country.
Thus the correct answer is Option ‘C’ i.e, Limited government.
Note: Although the fundamental rights are often subjected to reasonable restrictions as and when necessary for general public welfare, they can be selectively or even completely curtailed during a president imposed state of national emergency. Under such a state these remain suspended.