The property of self – linkage of carbon atoms is called: A.Polymerisation B.Catenation C.Cracking D.neutralisation
Hint: Carbon is a versatile atom and possesses the capability of bonding with different atoms and molecules. Similarly, it can also bond with itself.
Complete step by step answer: -In order to understand the answer for the given question, let us first understand the meanings of the different terms mentioned in the options. -Polymerisation is a process by which we can connect a large number of monomeric molecules with each other in the form of a chain or mesh network. The macromolecules formed during polymerization often have a linear or branched structure. But there are certain situations in which it assumes the shape of a complex three – dimensional network. -The linkage in polymers takes place between different types of atoms and not just C – C linkage. -Catenation literally means self – binding or self-linkage of an element with itself through covalent bonds to form chain or ring molecules. -Cracking is the opposite of binding. In cracking, a large saturated hydrocarbon molecule are broken into smaller unsaturated hydrocarbons. -Neutralisation is just a type of reaction in which an acid reacts with base in equivalent quantities and concentrations to cancel out the pH or pOH characteristics of each other to form a neutral salt and water. -Hence, the property of self – linkage of carbon atoms is called catenation.
Hence, Option B is the correct option.
Note: Catenation, chemical linkage into chains of atoms of the same element, occurring only among the atoms of an element that has a valence of at least two and that forms relatively strong bonds with itself.