Hint: The ruler who built Taj Mahal was the fifth Mughal Emperor of India. He is best known in Indian History for his architectural work. The meaning of the name of this Mughal Emperor is 'King of the World'.
Complete answer: Taj Mahal at Agra was built by Shah Jahan in the memory of his beloved wife, Mumtaz Mahal and that is why it was named after her. It is placed on the bank of Yamuna River in the city of Agra. It was made up of white marbles all around. The Mahal took over 20 years to get complete. Because of its beautiful structure and finest arts, it has been registered as the UNESCO World Heritage Site in the year 1983. The Taj Mahal is the best tourist attraction in the country and it attracts approx 7-8 million visitors in a year. The actual name of Shah Jahan was Shihab al-Din Muhammad Khurram. He ruled the Mughal Dynasty from 1628 to 1658. He started the construction of Taj Mahal in 1632 and it took over 20 years to complete it. The material that was required in the formation of Taj Mahal was ordered from all over Asia. It costs over 32 million rupees for its formation. The graves of Mumtaz Mahal and Shah Jahan are buried in the Taj Mahal.
Hence, the correct answer is option (C).
Note: Taj Mahal is known as “Jewel of Muslim art in India” because it is the best masterpiece to date. Shah Jahan also constructed the Red Fort and the Jama Masjid at Delhi. Taj Mahal is the overseeing tourist attraction in the whole of Asia.