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Last updated date: 08th Dec 2023
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MVSAT Dec 2023

The group Bryophyta includes
A. Liverworts and ferns
B. Liverworts and club mosses
C. Mosses and ferns
D. Liverworts and mosses

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Hint: The Bryophytes are the group of non-vascular plants which live in the moist environment. These are flowerless plants which form a covering in the moist environment.

Complete answer –
To know about the Bryophyta let us first discuss the meaning of the word Bryophyta. It is derived from a Greek week Bryon means tree-mosses and phyta means plants. It comprises the three divisions of the non-vascular plants- liverworts, hornworts and mosses. These plants are smaller in size and love to thrive in the moist environment.
These plants do not have a true leaf, root or stem. They have a root-like structure called the Rhizoid. The reproduction of these plants takes place through spores and they do not have flowers or seeds. The reproductive structure includes gametangia and sporangia.
Ferns- The ferns are the group of vascular plants which do not have seeds or flowers. They reproduce by spore formation.
Clubmosses- These are the low-lying evergreen herbs which have needle-like leaves. The club mosses are the type of ferns which are vascular in nature. They reproduce by the spores.

The correct answer is D) Liverworts and mosses

Note :
The vascular plants are the plants which possess a vascular bundle. Vascular bundles are the Xylem and Phloem which help the plant in uptake of water and minerals and also transport of the food and other nutrients. Clubmosses, ferns, horsetail, gymnosperms, angiosperms are included under vascular plants.