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What is the specific heat capacity of ice, water and steam?

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Last updated date: 09th Apr 2024
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MVSAT 2024
Answer
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Hint: Firstly we will define the term specific heat capacity. Then, we will continue with the specific heat capacity of ice, water and steam. The specific heat is the amount of heat per unit mass required to raise the temperature by one degree Celsius or Kelvin. This quantity is independent of the amount of substance.
Formula used:
\[c=\dfrac{Q}{m\Delta T}\]

Complete answer:
The specific heat is the amount of heat per unit mass required to raise the temperature by one degree Celsius or Kelvin. This quantity is independent of the amount of substance.
The mathematical representation of the specific heat capacity is,
\[c=\dfrac{Q}{m\Delta T}\]
Where c is the specific heat of water, m is the mass of the water, Q is the amount of heat required and \[\Delta T\] is the change in temperature.
The substances, ice, water and steam represent the phases of matter, that is, the ice represents the solid, water represents the liquid and steam represents the gas.
Material(J/kg K)(J/g C)
Water 41864.186
Ice 20902.090
Steam 20102.010

The values of the specific heat capacity mentioned may be rounded off to nearer values.
The specific heat capacity depends on the type of material and the phase of that material.
\[\therefore \] The specific heat is the amount of heat per unit mass required to raise the temperature by one degree Celsius or Kelvin. The specific heat capacity of ice, water and steam are \[4186\,{J}/{kg\,K}\;,2090\,{J}/{kg\,K}\;\] and \[2010\,{J}/{kg\,K}\;\].

Note:
The specific heat capacity is the property of the substance which determines the change in temperature of a substance without going under any phase change when the heat is absorbed or given out by it.
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