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# Shapes of certain interhalogen compounds are stated below. Which of them is not correctly stated?A. $Br{{F}_{3}}$, planar T-shapedB. $IC{{l}_{3}}$, planar dimericC. $I{{F}_{7}}$, pentagonal bipyramidD. $Br{{F}_{5}}$, trigonal bipyramid

Last updated date: 11th Sep 2024
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Hint: The shape of $A{{B}_{3}}$ with one lone pair on the central atom is pyramidal. If there is no lone pair of electrons present on the central atom then the shape will be trigonal planar. The shape of $A{{B}_{7}}$ with zero lone pairs is Pentagonal bipyramidal And with 6 bond pairs and one lone pair the shape will be distorted octahedral. The shape of $A{{B}_{5}}$ molecule with zero lone pair is square bipyramidal and with 5 bond pairs and one lone pair is square pyramidal and with 4 bond pairs and 2 lone pairs is square planar. We need to know about VSEPR theory for more details.

VSEPR theory is defined as the electron pairs surrounding the central atom must be arranged in space as far apart as possible to minimize the electrostatic repulsion experienced between them.
A central atom can be defined as any atom that is bonded to two or more than two other atoms. The first and the most important rule of the VSEPR theory is that the bond angles about a central atom are those that minimize the total repulsion experienced between the Electron pairs in the atom’s valence shell.
Rules: A lone pair of electrons occupy more space than a bonding pair of electrons because lone pair of electron is under the influence of only one nucleus of the central atom, they are expected to occupy more space with a greater electron density than the bond pair electrons which are under the influence of two nuclei. The decreasing order of repulsion is mentioned below. Lone pair-Lone pair repulsion > Lone pair-Bond pair repulsion > Bond pair- bond pair repulsion. Repulsion forces decrease sharply with increasing interior angle. They are stronger at 90 degree weak at 120 degree and very weak at 180 degree.

Influence of a bonding electron pair decreases with increasing value of electronegativity of an atom forming a molecule. Multiple bonds behave equivalent to a single electron pair for the purpose of VSEPR bond theory. The two electron pair of a double bond occupies more space than one electron pair of a single bond. The lone pair electrons repels bond pair electrons giving rise to some distortions in the molecular shape. Therefore from the above theories we conclude that the shape of $Br{{F}_{5}}$is square pyramidal.

Therefore option d is not correctly stated and so option d is the correct answer.

Note: As a result of the distortions created different types of shapes are arised :

 Bond pair Lone pair Shape 4 0 Tetrahedral 3 1 Pyramidal 2 2 V-shape 6 0 Square bipyramidal 5 1 Square pyramid 4 2 Square planar 7 0 Pentagonal bipyramidal 6 1 Distorted octahedral