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Last updated date: 27th Nov 2023
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MVSAT Dec 2023

Positively charged ions get attracted to the ______and _______electrons from it to form neutral atoms.

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Hint: When any atom has the tendency to donate the electrons present in its valence shell to acquire stable noble gas configuration, then that atom becomes a cation that has a positive charge. The atom that has a tendency to lose electrons can be termed as a reducing agent. The ions of any compound can be used to extract or form a metal using electrolysis.

Complete answer:
A process where an electrolyte is used to dissolve and form ions into a salt solution is called electrolysis. This electrolysis uses chemical energy of ions to convert into electrical energy by the movement of electrons and the ions. This method is used to extract and produce pure metals.
The method uses two electrodes cathode and the anode, the cathode is the negative side where reduction takes place while anode is the positive where oxidation takes place. So, when electrolyte is dissolved in a solution, it forms positively and negatively charged ions called cations and anions.
Positively charged ions will get attracted to the negative electrode (cathode) to become neutral while the negatively charged ions will attract on the positive electrode.
So, positively charged ions get attracted to the cathode and gain electrons from it to form neutral atoms.

The reaction that may happen at the cathode is $N{{a}^{+}}+{{e}^{-}}\to Na$ a cation gains electron to form a neutral atom and the reaction is reduction. While at the anode the anion loses electrons as $2C{{l}^{-}}\to C{{l}_{2}}+2{{e}^{-}}$ and the reaction is the oxidation reaction. This process is also used in galvanic cells.