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Part of bile juice useful in digestion is
A.Bile salt
B.Bile pigment
C.Bile matrix
D.All of the above

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Last updated date: 13th Jun 2024
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Answer
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Hint:Bile salt is one of the main parts of Bile. Bile is a greenish-yellow fluid produced in the liver and stowed in gallbladder. Our body digests fats with the help of this bile salt. It also helps in the absorption of fat-soluble vitamins such as A, D, E and K.

Complete step by step answer:
Let’s discuss the options and find out the correct answer.
-The main functions of bile salt is to breakdown fats, absorb fat soluble vitamins and excrete waste products.After eating, fats are present in the digestive tracts.Our hormones address the gallbladders to liberate bile.
-The two most important bile pigments are a yellow or orange coloured Bilirubin and green coloured Biliverdin. Biliverdin is the oxidized form of bilirubin. The brown colour of the faeces is due to the mixture of these pigments with intestinal contents. The bile pigments are formed by the decaying of porphyrin ring and possess a chain of four pyrrole rings. Deficiency of bile salts will result in an increase of toxins in our body. Also, formation of hormones will break down, since hormones are made of fats.
-The biliary tree is an important part of the transplantable human liver tissue.
Hence, option A: Bile salt is the correct answer.

Note:Bile salts prevent gallstones from forming by breaking down the fats before they crystallise. There are two types of bile salts synthesized in the liver of mammals, namely, cholic acid and chenodeoxycholic acid.