Name any five different forms of energy other than mechanical energy.

Last updated date: 30th Jan 2023
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Answer
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Hint: Think of energy you have studied in various topics for example electrical energy which is produced by a battery.

Complete step by step answer:
There are different sources of energy other than mechanical energy which is formed by the movement of parts of a machine that is used to do work.

Electrical energy: Electrical energy is the potential energy stored in an electric field. This energy is responsible for movement of charges in wires and batteries which energy to the whole world. This energy is applied by the inter conversion of potential energy to kinetic energy of charged particles which is possible when an electric potential is applied and the charges move as electrical current.

Nuclear Energy: Nuclear energy is the energy released when a huge atom is separated into two or more smaller atoms (Nuclear Fission) or when two or more smaller atoms combines to form a bigger atom (Nuclear Fusion). The energy released can be attributed to Einstein’s mass energy equivalence which states mass and energy are equivalent or there is a fixed amount of energy stored in each mass. So in nuclear fission and fusion there will be a mass difference between the initial and final masses of atoms and this mass difference is converted into energy.

Vibrational energy or Sound energy: As the particles of a medium vibrate, it produces waves which have energy associated with it and this energy is transferred along with the wave as it travels through the medium.

Heat Energy: Heat is a form of energy which is produced by thermodynamic processes and it can be transferred from system to another system or from one body to another body in many ways like conduction, convection and radiation.

Chemical Energy: Chemical energy is the energy associated with a chemical substance which undergoes a chemical reaction to release energy. In the case of galvanic cell chemical energy associated with a solution undergoes oxidation or reduction to form ions which is used for the working of the cell.

Note: SI unit of energy is Joules.
In any form of energy there is always an interconversion of kinetic or potential energy according to the condition the system is in.