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Mushrooms reproduce through
(b)Mycelial fragmentation
(c)Buds on the leaf margin
(d)Both A and B

Last updated date: 16th May 2024
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Hint: Fungi reproduce either asexually or sexually. A mushroom may release spores or split pieces of itself in asexual reproduction through either budding or fragmentation. The hyphae of two mushrooms fuse when the mushroom reproduces sexually, and they create a new mushroom to grow in the surrounding soil.

Complete answer:
Hyphal fragments or mycelia (similar to the roots and branches of a tree) are components of fungal growth; small hyphal fragments are usually found in outdoor air and possibly indoor dust. But their appearance in indoor air samples, whether in quantity or in large segments, means that the building has an active fungal colony.
A mushroom spore is a single-celled organism that is responsible for the reproductive processes of fungi producing mushrooms. Not all mushrooms all the time produce spores. A mushroom, a seed indicative of the spores, is identical to a slice of fruit on a tree. Spores either drop or are expelled from the mushroom cap's bottom.

Additional information:
Buds on the leaves are present in the bryophyllum plant. By using either a portion of its stem or leaves, Bryophyllum can be replicated by vegetative propagation. In their margins, the leaves of a Bryophyllum plant have unique buds that can get separated from the leaves, fall to the ground, and then grow to establish a new plant.

So, the correct answer is ‘both A and B’.

Note: The edible part of a fungus, which is present above the ground, on soil, or at its food source, is a mushroom or toadstool. "mushroom" is cultivated as white button mushroom, scientific name- Agaricus bisporus; the term "mushroom" is, therefore, most frequently applied to those fungi on the underside of the cap that have a stem, a cap, and gills.