Courses
Courses for Kids
Free study material
Offline Centres
More
Store Icon
Store

How many molecules of ${O_2}$ are present in 1 L air containing 80% volume of ${O_2}$ at STP?

seo-qna
Last updated date: 25th Jul 2024
Total views: 383.7k
Views today: 6.83k
Answer
VerifiedVerified
383.7k+ views
Hint: Given that, 1 L air contains 80% volume of ${O_2}$
Therefore, find the total volume of ${O_2}$ present in the air i.e. 80% of 1 L, i.e. 800 ml. Now, we know that 1 mole of any gas at STP contains $6.022 \times {10^{23}}$ molecules and occupies a volume of 22.4 litres. Hence, find the number of molecules present in 800 ml of oxygen gas at STP.

Formula used:
1 mole = $6.022 \times {10^{23}}$
1 mole of any gas at STP, occupies a volume of 22.4 litres (22400 ml).

Complete step by step answer:
Given that, 1 L air contains 80% volume of ${O_2}$
Therefore, total amount of oxygen present in 1 L (1000 ml) air is $ = 1000 \times \dfrac{{80}}{{100}} = 800{\text{ ml}}$
Now, we know that 1 mole of any gas at STP, occupies a volume of 22.4 litres (22400 ml).
Hence, 22400 ml of ${O_2}$ gas in STP, contains $6.022 \times {10^{23}}$ molecules of ${O_2}$.
1 ml of oxygen gas in STP contains $ = \dfrac{{6.022 \times {{10}^{23}}}}{{22400}}$ molecules of oxygen.
800 ml oxygen gas in STP contains
$$ = \dfrac{{6.022 \times {{10}^{23}}}}{{22400}} \times 800$$ molecules of oxygen
$$ = \dfrac{{6.022 \times {{10}^{23}}}}{{{\text{224}}}} \times 8$$ molecules of oxygen
$$ = \dfrac{{6.022 \times {{10}^{23}}}}{{{\text{28}}}}$$ molecules of oxygen
$$ = 2.15 \times {10^{23}}$$ molecules of oxygen
Hence, number of ${O_2}$ molecules present in 1 litre air containing 80% volume of ${O_2}$ at STP, is $$2.15 \times {10^{23}}$$. (answer)

Note: We know that, 1 mole of any gas at STP occupies a volume of 22.4 litres (22400 ml).
Also, 1 mole of any substance contains $6.022 \times {10^{23}}$ number of molecules, which is called the Avogadro’s Number. Therefore 22.4 litres of oxygen at STP contains $6.022 \times {10^{23}}$ oxygen molecules.