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What is meant by polysepalous calyx?

Last updated date: 13th Jun 2024
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Hint: Collection of the sepals forming a structure called the calyx, the outermost whorl of parts that form a flower. The word calyx was adopted from the Latin word calyx, (not to be confused with Calyx) a cup or goblet. Morphologically, both sepals and petals are modified leaves.

Complete answer: A flower, sometimes known as a bloom or blossom, is the reproductive structure found in flowering plants of the division Magnoliophyta, also called angiosperms. Generally, the main function of a flower is to facilitate reproduction, usually by the union of sperm with eggs.
The green structures on the base of the flower are called sepals, and the green color holder of the flower at the base of the flower along with the sepals are called the calyx. The calyx performs a crucial role in the flowering plant. As the flower is forming, it is closed tightly into a bud which is ovoid in shape. The sepals are the outermost part of the flower. It is the first part of the flower to be fully developed and is the only thing that can be seen in the flower while it is in bud form. It protects the developing flower and prevents it from drying out because of the outer atmosphere. The sepal main function or purpose is to protect the flower and the reproductive organs in the flower which is important to produce seeds. Polysepalous calyx has separate sepals in the calyx, which means that the sepals are not fused. Rose
is the perfect example of the polysepalous calyx. When the sepals of a flower are fused, they are called gamosepalous. Example: Hibiscus and periwinkle are gamosepalous flowers.

Note: The term sepalum was coined by Noel Martin Joseph de Necker in 1790, and derived from the Greek, which means a covering. In many flowers, sepals are modified in various ways and in some
flowers completely disappeared. After fertilization, the zygote is formed inside the ovule. After
fertilization, the sepals, petals, and stamens of the flower wither and fall off.