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Lycopersicum esculentum is the botanical name of
A) Potato
B) Radish
C) Cabbage
D) Tomato

Last updated date: 16th Jun 2024
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Hint:Botanical names are based on agreed principles and criteria which are provided in International Code for Botanical Nomenclature (ICBN).

Complete Answer:
Botanical names:
A botanical name is a scientific name given to a particular plant species.
The botanical name ensures that each plant species has only one name all over the world.Each name has two components – Generic name and Specific epithet.
Rules for writing any botanical name:
Botanical names are generally in latin and written in italics.
The first word in botanical name represents generic name or genus and second word represents specific epithet.
When the names are hand written then both the words are separately underlined.
The first word denoting the genus starts with a capital letter while the specific epithet starts with a small letter.
Botanical names of Potato, Radish, Cabbage, Tomato:-
->Potato – Solanum tuberosum
->Radish – Raphanus sativus
->Cabbage – Brassica oleracea
->Tomato – Solanum lycopersicum or Lycopersicum esculentum
Therefore, we have seen in the above discussion that Lycopersicum esculentum is the botanical name of Tomato.

Hence, the option ‘D’ is the correct answer.

Note:The composition, size and shape of spicules are the factors that help in the determining sponges taxonomy.Spicules are the structural elements in the skeleton of sponges. In sponges, skeleton elements are formed by fibroblasts.