Who was the last Tsar of Russia? A) Nicholas I B) Nicholas II C) Alexander I D) Alexander II
Hint: Tsar is a title given to East and South Slavic monarchs or supreme rulers of Eastern Europe, initially to Bulgarian monarchs from the 10th century onwards, later to two rulers of the Serbian Empire, and after 1547 to the supreme ruler of the Tsardom of Russia and the Russian Empire.
Complete answer: A) Nicholas I: From 1825 to 1855, Nicholas I was Emperor of Russia, King of Poland, and Grand Duke of Finland. He was not the last emperor of Russia. Hence this answer is not correct.
B) Nicholas II: Nicholas II, also known as Nikolai II Alexandrovich Romanov and Saint Nicholas the Passion-Bearer in the Orthodox Church of Russia, was the last Emperor of All Russia, reigning from November 1, 1894, to March 15, 1917. Hence this is the correct answer.
C) Alexander I: From 1801, Alexander I was the Emperor of Russia (Tsar) and the Grand Duke of Finland from 1809 until his death. He was not the last emperor of Russia. Hence this answer is not correct.
D) Alexander II: From March 2, 1855, until his murder, Alexander II was Emperor of Russia, King of Poland, and Grand Duke of Finland. He was not the last emperor of Russia. Hence this answer is not correct.
Nicholas II was the last Tsar of Russia. Therefore, the correct option is B) Nicholas II.
Note: The Tsar had a huge army, and he used to enforce his dominance very effectively. The Tsar was the army's overall commander and could dispatch troops at will. He would frequently send elite Cossack cavalry regiments to deal with unruly civilians at times of civil strife.