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Who is known as the Father of Anatomy?
(a)Andreas Vesalius
(c)Robert Brown
(d)None of the above

Last updated date: 13th Jun 2024
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Hint: Anatomy is the branch of biology concerned with the study of the structural organization of organisms and their parts.

Complete Answer:
‘Andreas Vesalius' is known as the ‘Father of Anatomy'. He was the first to carry out dissection to closely observe the inner structure and construction of the human body.

Human anatomy was not learned by dissecting dead bodies before him.
-Hippocrates was the first person who studied organ structure and functions followed by Aristotle, Galen, and others.
-Vesalius was the first to challenge the theories of Galen and carried out dissection. Based on his observation through anatomical study and dissection, he discovered and published the real facts of anatomy.
-The great physician & anatomist, Andreas Vesalius was born on 31 December 1514 in Brussels, Belgium.
-Vesalius published his most important work, 'De Humani Corporis Fabrica Libri Septem' (seven books on the fabric of the human body), generally known as Fabrica. Fabrica is the most famous book of human anatomy ever written so accurately. Thus, he is rightly considered as the ‘Father of Anatomy'.
-Robert Brown (1773-1858), a Scottish botanist was responsible for discovering the nucleus of a cell. He is also credited for the discovery of the random movement of microscopic particles in a solution, later referred to as ‘Brownian motion’.

So, the correct option is ‘Andreas Vesalius'.

Note: Vesalius used to study the bones of corpses in the Saints Innocents Cemetery at the University of Paris. His book, Fabrica proved to be a milestone in the field of anatomy. He marked the beginning of human scientific research with his enigmatic efforts and profound skills.