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# In how many ways can akansh choose a vowel and a consonant from the letters of the word ‘ALLAHABAD’A. $4$B. $6$C. $9$D. $5$

Last updated date: 17th Sep 2024
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Hint: Here, we are going to find the number of ways to choose vowel and consonant from the given word. Also, we are going to use a combination formula to solve the problem to get the required answer.

Formula used:
Here, we were using the Combination formula,
${}^{\text{n}}{C_{\text{r}}}{\text{ = }}\dfrac{{{\text{n}}!}}{{{\text{(n - r)!}}}}$
By using this formula, we will get the required answer.

It is given that the word, in which we need to find the number of ways to choose vowel and consonant, was ‘ALLAHABAD’
In the letter of the word ‘ALLAHABAD’ there is only one vowel available for selection that is (A).
Remember that the fact that A is available ${\text{4}}$ times has no impact on this fact.
Also, there are ${\text{4}}$ consonants available in the given word ‘ALLAHABAD’
“L, H, B and D” are the four consonants available in the word that has been given
Thus, the number of ways of selecting a vowel and a consonant would be,
$\Rightarrow$ Vowels can be chosen in ${}^1{{\text{c}}_1}$ ${\text{ = 1}}$ way.
$\Rightarrow$ Consonants can be chosen in ${}^4{{\text{c}}_1}$ ${\text{ = 4}}$ ways.
$\Rightarrow$ Total ${{ = 1 \times 4 = 4}}$

Hence, the number of ways to choose vowels and consonants is ${\text{4}}$.

Note:
There is an alternative method, which can be used to solve the problem.
In the word ‘ALLAHABAD’, we have four A’s and that only one vowel in the given word and
There are Four consonants in the given word. They are B, D, H, L
So, any four combinations:
Thus, the number of ways of selecting a vowel and a consonant is ${\text{4}}$.