Question & Answer
QUESTION

If \[\alpha ,\beta \] are the zeroes of the polynomials f(x) = ${x^2} + x + 1$ then $\dfrac{1}{\alpha } + \dfrac{1}{\beta }$ is ………………
A. 1
B. 0
C. -1
D. 2

ANSWER Verified Verified
Hint - To solve such types of questions we need to know the basic formulae of sum of roots and product of roots of the quadratic equation.

Complete step by step answer:
Given,${x^2} + x + 1$
On comparing with standard quadratic equation, $a{x^{{2^{}}}} + bx + c = 0$
a=1, b=1 and c=1
Sum of roots ($\alpha + \beta $ ) =$\dfrac{{ - b}}{a}$ and Products of roots ($\alpha .\beta $ ) =$\dfrac{c}{a}$
Sum of roots ($\alpha + \beta $ )= $\dfrac{{ - 1}}{1} = - 1$ and Product of roots ($\alpha .\beta $ )= $\dfrac{1}{1} = 1$ ……..(i)
We need to find the value of $\dfrac{1}{\alpha } + \dfrac{1}{\beta }$
On solving, taking L.C.M. we get $\dfrac{{\alpha + \beta }}{{\alpha .\beta }}$
Now putting value from equation (i)
=$\dfrac{{ - 1}}{1} = - 1$ $\dfrac{{ - 1}}{1} = - 1$
Hence the answer to this question is -1.

Note - For solving such type of quadratic question we need to find the value of sum and product of its roots and then solved the given relation and putting the value of sum and product of roots to solve the equation $a{x^{{2^{}}}} + bx + c = 0$ then sum of roots ($\alpha + \beta $ ) =$\dfrac{{ - b}}{a}$ and Products of roots ($\alpha .\beta $ ) =$\dfrac{c}{a}$.