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# If $3\cos \theta -4\sin \theta =2\cos \theta +\sin \theta$, is given, then find the value of $\tan \theta$.  Hint:In order to find the solution of this question, we will start from the given equation and then we will try to form $\tan \theta$, by using the formula, $\tan \theta =\dfrac{\sin \theta }{\cos \theta }$ and then we will calculate the value of $\tan \theta$.

In this question, we have been asked to find the value of $\tan \theta$, when it is given that $3\cos \theta -4\sin \theta =2\cos \theta +\sin \theta$. To solve this, we will first consider the given equality, that is, $3\cos \theta -4\sin \theta =2\cos \theta +\sin \theta$. We will try to form $\dfrac{\sin \theta }{\cos \theta }$ here. For that, we will write the terms of $\cos \theta$ on the left hand side and the terms of $\sin \theta$ on the right hand side. So, we can write the given equation $3\cos \theta -4\sin \theta =2\cos \theta +\sin \theta$ as,
$3\cos \theta -2\cos \theta =\sin \theta +4\sin \theta$
We know that arithmetic operations are applied to like terms. So, we get the above equation as,
$\cos \theta =5\sin \theta$
Now, we will divide the whole equation by $\cos \theta$. On doing so, we get,
$\dfrac{\cos \theta }{\cos \theta }=\dfrac{5\sin \theta }{\cos \theta }$
We know that the common terms of the numerator and the denominator gets cancelled, so we get,
$1=\dfrac{5\sin \theta }{\cos \theta }$
We will now divide the equation by 5. So, we get,
\begin{align} & \dfrac{1}{5}=\dfrac{5\sin \theta }{5\cos \theta } \\ & \Rightarrow \dfrac{\sin \theta }{\cos \theta }=\dfrac{1}{5} \\ \end{align}
We also know that $\dfrac{\sin \theta }{\cos \theta }$ can be expressed as $\tan \theta$. So, applying that, we get,
$\tan \theta =\dfrac{1}{5}$
Hence, we can say that $\tan \theta =\dfrac{1}{5}$, if $3\cos \theta -4\sin \theta =2\cos \theta +\sin \theta$.

Note: While solving the question, the possible mistakes that can be made are in the calculations. Also, we have to remember that $\dfrac{\sin \theta }{\cos \theta }$ can be expressed as $\tan \theta$. So, we should try to form $\tan \theta$, either by taking the terms to one side and then dividing them by $\cos \theta$.
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