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What happens to a base when put in water?

Last updated date: 13th Jul 2024
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Hint: We can define base is a substance that discharges hydroxyl particles $\left( {O{H^ - }} \right)$when present in solution. The hydroxyl particles $\left( {O{H^ - }} \right)$ delivered will consolidate with any hydrogen particles \[\left( {{H^ + }} \right)\]in the solution to produce structured water atoms. So, we also base it as a substance which gains hydrogen ions \[\left( {{H^ + }} \right)\].

Complete step by step answer:
We can say that bases are portrayed by an unpleasant taste and an elusive surface. A base that can be broken down in water is alluded to as an alkali. At the point when these substances artificially react with acids, they yield salts. Bases are known to become red litmus blue.
We can classify bases as three types as Arrhenius bases, Bronsted bases and Lewis bases.
We can define the Arrhenius base which produces hydroxide ions in the solution. Similarly, based on Bronsted-Lowry theory, we can define base as acceptor of base. Based on Lewis definition, we can say bases as donors of electron-pairs.
We can say some of the properties of bases like they are bitter taste, slippery, they have soapy texture when we touch it. Bases conduct electricity in their aqueous solutions. They turn red litmus paper to blue litmus paper.
When we put base into water, it increases the ion of hydroxide concentration. Examples: Bases such as ammonia, fluoride, carbonate in water increases the concentration of hydroxide.
$N{H_3}\left( {aq} \right) + {H_2}O\left( l \right) \to N{H_4}^ + \left( {aq} \right) + O{H^ - }\left( {aq} \right)$

Note: We can classify bases into strong base and weak base. We can say strong base is a compound that has a capacity to eliminate a proton from weak acid. Or on the other hand they totally separate into its ions when in water. Potassium hydroxide and sodium hydroxide are examples of strong bases.