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What would happen to the life of a cell, if there was no Golgi apparatus?
(A) The secretory activities of the cell will cease.
(B) Acrosome formation in sperm will not take place.
(C) Both A and B.
(D) None of the above.

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Last updated date: 23rd May 2024
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Answer
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Hint: Golgi apparatus is an organelle found in most eukaryotic cells. It is a part of the endomembrane system in the cytoplasm. It packages proteins into membrane-bound ventricles inside the cell before the vesicles are sent to their destination.

Complete answer: If there were no Golgi bodies, the proteins in cells would float around without direction. Other cells and organs in the body would not function properly without the products that the Golgi body normally sends. In the absence of the Golgi apparatus, lysosomes would not be produced, and the accumulation of dead and damaged organelles and molecules in the cell would ultimately result in cell death. As the distribution and shipping centre for the cell’s chemical products, the Golgi apparatus alters proteins and lipids and gets them ready for transport to other locations within or outside the cell. The Golgi apparatus processes proteins for secretions that contain enzymes that attach sugar monomers to proteins. If the Golgi apparatus is not present the packaging and transport of materials would cease. The secretory activities of the cell would also cease. The acrosome develops during the spermatogenesis and is the product of the Golgi complex. If the Golgi apparatus is absent, then acrosome formation doesn’t take place.
Hence, the correct answer is option C.

Note: The Golgi bodies also manufacture a wide variety of macromolecules (large molecules), including polysaccharides; long carbohydrate monosaccharides. The Golgi bodies within the plant’s cells produce pectin and other polysaccharides necessary for the structure and metabolism of the plant. So without the Golgi apparatus in plant cells, like plants would not be able to function.