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# Find the sum of the following series to n terms: 1.2.4 + 2.3.7 + 3.4.10 + ….  Hint: In this question use the first, second and third term to find the general format of this series such as in the first number can be simplified as [1 + (1 -1)$\times$1] . [2 + (2 – 1) $\times$ 1]. [4 + (3 – 1) $\times$ 3] use this information to make a better approach toward the solution of the problem

According to the given information we have 1st term 1.2.4 which can be simplified as [1 + (1 -1)$\times$1]. [2 + (1 – 1) $\times$ 1]. [4 + (1 – 1) $\times$ 3] 2nd term 2.3.7 which can be written as [1 + (2 -1)$\times$1]. [2 + (2 – 1) $\times$ 1]. [4 + (2 – 1) $\times$ 3] and the 3rd term 3.4.10 can be written as [1 + (3 -1)$\times$1]. [2 + (3 – 1) $\times$ 1]. [4 + (3 – 1) $\times$ 3]
So by observing the above statement it seems a similar pattern in the given series which is [1 + (n -1)$\times$1]. [2 + (n – 1) $\times$ 1]. [4 + (n – 1) $\times$ 3] here n is the number of term in the series
Let’s simplify the equation [1 + (n -1)$\times$1]. [2 + (n – 1) $\times$ 1]. [4 + (n – 1) $\times$ 3]
[1 + (n -1)$\times$1]. [2 + (n – 1) $\times$ 1]. [4 + (n – 1) $\times$ 3] = [1 + n – 1] [2 + n – 1] [4 + 3n – 3]
$\Rightarrow$n (n + 1) (3n + 1) = $3{n^3} + {n^2} + 3{n^2} + n$
$\Rightarrow$$3{n^3} + 4{n^2} + n$
Therefore Tn = $3{n^3} + 4{n^2} + n$
As we know that the sum of any series is given by ${S_n} = \sum\limits_{n = 1}^n {{T_n}}$
Substituting the value of Tn in the above formula
${S_n} = \sum\limits_{n = 1}^n {{T_n}} = 3\sum\limits_{n = 1}^n {{n^3}} + 4\sum\limits_{n = 1}^n {{n^2}} + \sum\limits_{n = 1}^n n$ (Equation 1)
For $3\sum\limits_{n = 1}^n {{n^3}}$ the terms can be ${1^3} + {2^3} + {3^3} + \ldots \ldots + {n^3}$and the sum of these term is given as ${S_n} = \dfrac{{{{\left( {n\left( {n + 1} \right)} \right)}^2}}}{4}$
Terms of $4\sum\limits_{n = 1}^n {{n^2}}$ are ${1^3} + {2^3} + {3^3} + \ldots \ldots + {n^3}$ and the sum is given as ${S_n} = \dfrac{{n\left( {n + 1} \right)\left( {2n + 1} \right)}}{6}$
And 1 + 2 + 3 + …. +n are the terms of $\sum\limits_{n = 1}^n n$ whose sum is given as ${S_n} = \dfrac{{n\left( {n + 1} \right)}}{2}$
So the sum of equation 1 is ${S_n} = \left( {3 \times \dfrac{{{{\left( {n\left( {n + 1} \right)} \right)}^2}}}{4}} \right) + \left( {4 \times \dfrac{{n\left( {n + 1} \right)\left( {2n + 1} \right)}}{6}} \right) + \dfrac{{n\left( {n + 1} \right)}}{2}$

${S_n} = \dfrac{{n\left( {n + 1} \right)}}{2}\left( {\dfrac{{3n\left( {n + 1} \right)}}{2} + \dfrac{{4\left( {2n + 1} \right)}}{3} + 1} \right)$
$\Rightarrow$${S_n} = \dfrac{{n\left( {n + 1} \right)}}{2}\left( {\dfrac{{3{n^2} + 3n}}{2} + \dfrac{{8n + 4}}{3} + 1} \right)$
$\Rightarrow$${S_n} = \dfrac{{n\left( {n + 1} \right)}}{2}\left( {\dfrac{{9{n^2} + 9n + 16n + 8 + 6}}{6}} \right)$
$\Rightarrow$${S_n} = \dfrac{{n\left( {n + 1} \right)}}{{12}}\left[ {9{n^2} + 25n + 14} \right]$
Hence $\dfrac{{n\left( {n + 1} \right)}}{{12}}\left[ {9{n^2} + 25n + 14} \right]$ is the sum of the series 1.2.4 + 2.3.7 + 3.4.10 + …. To nth terms.

Note: The term series we introduced in the above question can be explained as the total of different numbers or elements that belong to a sequence or series as of now series are of two types one is infinite series and another is finite series. Infinite series consist of sums of infinite numbers belonging to a sequence whereas in finite series there are limited numbers of sums that belong to a sequence.

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