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Explain with different types of examples, the different types of phyllotaxy.

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Last updated date: 20th Jun 2024
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Answer
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Hint: Phyllotaxy is a phenomenon related to the organization of food producers of the plant. It helps the plant to distribute equal or near to equal sunlight among the leaves. It varies depending upon the type of plant.

Complete answer:
The word phyllotaxy comes from 2 Greek words phyllon- leaves and taxis which means arrangement. Therefore the arrangement of leaves on the branches of the stem or on the stem directly is known as phyllotaxy.
There are 3 types of phyllotaxy: they are
1. Alternate
2. Alternate
3. Whorled
1. Alternate phyllotaxy is an arrangement of leaves in which one leaf is present at each node.
All the leaves lie in the same plane.
examples: hibiscus
2. Opposite phyllotaxy: in this type of phyllotaxy; two leaves are present on each node. The leaves are opposite to each other.
Opposite phyllotaxy is classified into two more types; they are:
 a)Opposite decussate: in this, the leaves of 2 adjacent nodes lie at 90 degrees to each other.
Example: Calotropis
b)Opposite superimposed: in this 2 leaves of adjacent nodes lie at the same plane.
Example: Eugenia
3. Whorled phyllotaxy: In this type of phyllotaxy, three or more than three leaves are present around the single node

Additional Information:
1. Alternate phyllotaxy is also known as spiral phyllotaxy.
2. Whorled phyllotaxy is also known as verticillate type.
3. Node is a place where the leaves are attached to the stem.
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Note: Quisqualis indica is an exception because it exhibits 2 types of opposite phyllotaxy: decussate and superimposed. It is commonly known as rangoon creeper.