We now take up the study of the three tiers of the Panchayati Raj system one by one. The Village Panchayat: The Village Panchayat is the first tier in the Panchayati Raj. It is known as Panchayat in Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, and Rajasthan. It is known as Gram Panchayat in Punjab, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, and West Bengal. In Uttar Pradesh, Assam and Gujarat, it is known as Gaon Panchayat.
The village head, village head man, or village chief is a community leader of a village or a small town. Every village has a headman or ‘Patla’ who is generally hereditary. He leads the community of the village and he is an administrative post headman who has official duties in the village act as a mediator in disputes and general fixes of the village and individual problems.
Every village has a headman who is generally hereditary and is responsible for panch but he could also be an effective leader. The main function of the Patla is to ensure the unity of the villagers and to negotiate with the outsiders and government agencies on behalf of the villagers. He also coordinates various community work of the village including festivals.
Headman derives its authority from village panch or Council of adult male householders Council has the last word in matters related to disputes. The village headman has to function on a daily basis whereas on the other hand panch meets only once in a while. He is usually from a family who has led the formation of the village in the beginning. He ensures the unity in villages and negotiates with outsiders and government agencies.
Thus the correct answer is option ‘A’
Village leader is named SarPanch. Each of the five members is known as the Grand Panchayat. It is a system where each villager can voice their opinion in the governance office; village decisions are taken by a long legal process.