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Domestication of the silkworm is called................
(A) Sericulture
(B) Pisciculture
(C) Apiculture
(D) Horticulture

Last updated date: 20th Jun 2024
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Hint: Domestication of silkworm is known by two names. one of them is silk farming. Another name is derived from the Greek word and the English word. The Greek word is Sericos and the English word is culture.

Complete step by step answer:
Taking care of silkworms for the protection of raw silk is known as Sericulture. ‘Sericos’ means silk and the English word Culture means Rearing.
Sericulture is one of the main domestic industries in many countries. Even India and China come under the world’s leading country for the production of silk. The second-largest producer of silk in the world is India.

So, the correct answer is ‘Sericulture '.

Additional Information:
The Sericulture process has 3 main steps. That is:
- Moriculture: This means taking care and cultivating mulberry leaves.
Rearing of silkworm- In this process, it is taken care of whether the growth of silkworm is normal or not. After that care is taken of silkworm eggs. Silkworm can normally produce 300 to 500 eggs at a time. As larvae increase in growth, mature larvae wrap themselves around the cocoon which is secreted with the help of the salivary gland.
Silk reeling- In this cocoon baves are wind together to produce a single thread from the silk cocoon. This removal of silk filaments from the cocoon is known as reeling. But the cocoon is dead as it has to be boiled before to extract the silk threads from it.

Note: Although there are several commercial species of silkworms. Bombyx mori is the most generally used and intensively studied silkworm species. Eri and Muga are also some species of the silkworm. Mulberry silk is of green color and Eri and Muga silk have white and golden colour respectively.