Courses for Kids
Free study material
Offline Centres
Store Icon

How does energy transformation happen in photosynthesis?

Last updated date: 14th Jun 2024
Total views: 371.1k
Views today: 10.71k
371.1k+ views
Hint: Photosynthesis in green plants and certain other organisms converts solar energy into chemical energy. The process of photosynthesis uses electrons and protons from water.

Complete answer:
In photosynthesis, light energy is captured and used to convert water, carbon dioxide, and minerals into oxygen and energy-rich organic compounds. Photosynthesis is the process of transforming sunlight into chemical energy by storing it in the bonds of glucose. It uses carbon dioxide and water as raw material to produce sugar. The byproduct of photosynthesis is oxygen.

Photosynthesis takes place in two stages. The first stage is the reaction of light used to form high energy molecules. The energy harvested in the light reaction is stored in cells in the form of a chemical named as ATP, or adenosine triphosphate. The second stage of photosynthesis is called the Calvin Cycle Reaction. The first stage is the response of light used to form high energy atoms. The energy collected in the light reaction is put away in cells as a substance named as ATP, or adenosine triphosphate. The second phase of photosynthesis is known as the Calvin Cycle Reaction.

The combination of ATP particles, using solar energy during photosynthesis, is named photophosphorylation. These ATP particles delivered during the light response of photosynthesis are used in Calvin cycle. ATP particles orchestrated during photophosphorylation may likewise be utilized in other metabolic responses. In this cycle, chemical energy put away at ATP is utilized to create sugar from $CO_2$ through enzymatic, or chemical responses. At first, $CO_2$ reacts with a five-carbon compound called ribulose bisphosphate (RuBP) to produce a steady, three-carbon compound called phosphoglycerate (PGA). Energy stored in ATP changes PGA into glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate (G3P) which is changed to other organic compounds.

Note: Photosynthesis occurs in crops, bacterias, protists, and algae. Chlorophyll contained in simply leaves is involved in photosynthesis. Various environmental factors like light intensity, the carbon dioxide supply, temperature, water supply, and the availability of minerals affect the rate of photosynthesis.