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Last updated date: 09th Dec 2023
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MVSAT Dec 2023

Differentiate between turbidity and Flaccidity.

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Hint: Osmosis is the process by which water molecules pass through the cell's plasma membrane and into and out of the cell. Endosmosis and exosmosis are the two forms of osmosis. The mechanism by which water reaches the cell is known as endosmosis.

Complete answer:
When a cell reaches a point where it can no longer hold any more water, it is said to be turgid, and the disorder is known as turgidity.It is a state in which the cell material shrinks and moves away from the cell wall as a result of water loss.
When cells are put in a hypotonic solution, they become turgid.Endosmosis and exosmosis also induce flaccidity.
The plasma membrane pushes turgidity against the wall of the cell.In flaccidity, the plasma membrane is not pressed firmly against the cell wall.

The condition of being turgid or swollen as a result of a high fluid content within the cell is referred to as turgidity. During turgidity, the cell expands to its maximum size. When a cell is put in a hypotonic solution with a lower solute concentration than the cytoplasm, turgidity develops. Water reaches the cell by endosmosis. The turgor pressure, which pushes the cell membrane against the cell wall, is produced by the water pressure. For plant cells, turgidity is an essential factor. The turgidity of the guard cells controls the opening and closure of stomata. The stomata open when guard cells are in a turgid state.