Questions & Answers

Differentiate between cell organelles and cell inclusions.
(a)Cell organelles are living components, cell inclusions are non-living components
(b)Cell organelles are non-living components, cell inclusions are living components
(c)Both (a) and (b)
(d)None of the above

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Hint: Cell is defined as the structural and functional unit of all living organisms. A cell can be replicated by itself independently. The cell contains a fluid called cytoplasm which is enclosed within the cell membrane. The cell consists of several organs that perform different functions to carry out life processes. They provide structure and support to the organism.

Complete answer:
Cell organelles are living components and cell inclusions are non-living components.
Cell organellesCell inclusions
Cell organelles are the cellular components that include both membrane and non-membrane-bound organelles present in cells.Cell inclusions are non-living substances which are intracellular and are not bound by any membrane.
They are distinct in their structure and functions. They do not carry out any metabolic activity.
Some of them provide shape and support whereas some help with the locomotion and reproduction of the cell.They are stored within the cytosol of the cytoplasm in the form of nutrients, secretory products, and granular pigments.
The organelles are categorized into three parts based on the presence or absence of membrane: organelle is without membrane, single membrane-bound organelles, and doubles membrane-bound organelle.They are considered as the various or nutrients pigments which can be found within the cell.
The cell wall, ribosomes are some of the organelles without membrane. Vacuole, lysosome, endoplasmic reticulum are some of the single membrane-bound organelles. Nucleus, mitochondria, and chloroplast are some of the double membrane-bound organelles.Cell inclusions include glycogen, lipids, and pigments like melanin, hemosiderin, and lipofuscin.

So, the correct answer is 'Cell organelles are living components, cell inclusions are non-living components'.

Note: It is discovered that our body contains around 75-100 trillion cells. Cell's nucleoid contains the cell’s DNA which is the source of genetic information. Cells can vary their size from 1-100 micrometers. Our body contains about 95% of bacterial cells among which the majority of them live on the skin. If a cell is infected or undergoes any damage it destroys itself and this process is known as apoptosis. If a cell is unable to undergo apoptosis it is the result of the development of cancer.