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Describe different tropic movement in the plants with examples.

Last updated date: 22nd Mar 2024
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MVSAT 2024
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Hint: These are the biological phenomena that are indicating the growth or the turning movement of the organism or the par of an organism due to their surrounding.

Complete step-by-step answer:
When a plant shows some growth movement in response to a stimulus is known as tropism. Tropism is a direction, which is specific and depends on the direction of the stimulus.
Plants may either show a positive or negative movement as a response to a stimulus. If the movement is towards the direction, it is known as positive tropism, if the movement is away from the stimuli, it is known as negative stimuli.
Different types of tropic movement in plants
Phototropism – the growth of plants towards or away from the light. This type of movement is in response to light. Generally, stems show positive phototropism while roots show negative phototropism.
Gravitropism – the movement and growth of plants are in response to gravity. Stems show negative geotropism while roots show positive geotropism.
Hydrotropism – the movement and growth of a plant in response to the water stimulus. Roots show positive hydrotropism as they grow and move towards the water.
Chemotropism – the movement of plants in response to certain chemicals. Few chemicals are responsible for the movement and growth of plant organs.
Thigmotropism – the growth and development of the plants in response to contact with a solid object. These types of movements are generally seen as tendrils and twiners.
Thermotropism – the growth and movement of a plant or it’s part in response to the changing atmospheric temperature.
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Note: Charles Darwin and his son Francis in 1880 discovered that the phototrophic stimulus is detected at the tip of the plant. The term tropism was derived from the Greek word, meaning ‘a turning’. Tropism was first observed in 1927 by Cholodny and Went.