Questions & Answers
Question
Answers

How many delocalised $\pi$-electrons are there in the following compound ?A. 1B. 2C. 4D. 6

Answer Verified
Hint: A pair of electrons which do not make any bond are known as lone pairs whereas a pair of electrons, which is found in the paired condition they are known as electron pairs. Lone pairs electrons can move in the lattice structure.

Complete step by step answer:
- The delocalised electrons are those electrons which can move from one bond to the other in a molecule structure.
- The structure which is given in the question is of pyrroles, a 5-membered ring.
- In the given, we have to tell about the delocalised electron but they should belong to $\pi$- electrons.
- $\pi$-electrons are those electrons which are formed when a double-bond is formed i.e. they are found in the double-bond.
- So, as we can see that there are a total of two double bonds so there are 4 $\pi$-electrons.
- Along with it, two delocalised $\pi$-electrons are also present above the nitrogen atom.
- So, a total of 6 delocalised $\pi$- electrons are present in the pyrrole.
- These delocalised electrons are also responsible for the electrical conduction due to their movement in the lattice structure.
Therefore, option D. is the correct answer.

Note: $\pi$-electrons are found in the double bond whereas $\sigma$- electrons are found in the single bond. Usually without the formation of sigma bond the formation of  $\pi$bond can not take place. Moreover, benzene is another example of the delocalised $\pi$-electron due to which the benzene has a stable structure.
Bookmark added to your notes.
View Notes