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Define endemic species?
A. Those kinds of species of plants and animals which are found everywhere in the world.
B. Those kinds of species of plants and animals which are not found everywhere in the world.
C. Those kinds of species of plants and animals which are found exclusively in a particular area of the world.
D. None of the above.

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Last updated date: 18th Jun 2024
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Answer
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Hint: Word endemic stands for native and restricted to particular places. These species are rare and found in particular habitats which are favorable for their growth.

Complete Answer:
Endemic species are those which are only found in a given region or location and nowhere else in the world. Different species require different temperatures and climate to survive and reproduce. They can survive only in those particular areas which have favorable conditions for them. So the region which the species is endemic to finishes up being called the endemic site. But as we see endemic plants and animals are unique to a specific geographical region; they're incredibly unique and more susceptible to extinction.

Thus, the correct answer is option (C) those kinds of species of plants and animals which are found exclusively in a particular area of the world.

Additional Information: The main risk associated with endemic species is that they are more vulnerable to extinction. Since they're rare, the destruction of their habitats thanks to human activities would scale back their population drastically.
Some of the endemic species of India:
- Asiatic Lion, Gir Forest
- Kashmir Stag, Kashmir Valley
- Lion-Tailed Macaque, Western Ghats
- Purple Frog, Western Ghats
- Sangai Deer, Loktak Lake
- Nilgiri Tahr, Nilgiri Hills
- Pygmy Hog, Assam
- Bronzeback Vine Snake, Western Ghats
- Nilgiri Blue Robin, Nilgiri Hills
- Malabar Civet, Western Ghats
- Anaimalai Gliding Frog, Anaimalai Hills
- Namdapha Flying Squirrel, Arunachal Pradesh

Note: The endemic species are important to maintain a balance in the ecosystem. A balanced ecosystem purifies the environment and provides us with fresh air to breathe. When an epidemic plant species