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Brahmo Samaj was founded by
A.Debendranath Tagore
B.A.O. Hume
C.Dayanand Saraswati
D.Raja Ram Mohan Roy

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Last updated date: 20th Jun 2024
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Answer
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Hint: He is known as the father of modern India and he founded the first religious movement. His one of the important contributions is abolishment of sati. He wrote the book ‘A Gift to monotheists’.

Complete answer:
Raja Ram Mohan Roy is known as the Father of Modern India and he founded the first religious reform organization that is called Brahmo Samaj in 1828. It was established at Calcutta on August 20. The two most eminent leaders of the Brahmo Samaj were Debendranath Tagore and Keshab Chandra Sen. The Brahmo Samaj was one of the first important organizations of religious reforms. He is one of the greatest achievements in the field of religious reform was held on the introduction of Brahmo Sabha in 1828 and Brahmo Samaj was one of the first important organizations of religious reforms. It mainly focused on forbidden idol-worship, discarded meaningless rites and rituals, the caste system.

 The influence of Brahmo Samaj spread in different parts and branches of the Samaj were opened in different parts of the country. Keshab Chandra Sen traveled throughout Madras and Bombay presidencies and northern India to spread the message of Brahmo Samaj. Brahmo Samaj launched many reform movements whether in the Hindu religion or society and politics. It is proclaiming the principles of individual freedom, national unity, solidarity and collaboration, and the democratization of all social institutions and social relations. The main contributions include its discarded faith in divine avatars, abolishing polytheism, it criticized the caste system and the practice of untouchability.
After the death of Raja Ram Mohan Roy, there was a split in the Brahmo Samaj into two in 1866. Keshab Chandra Sen and his group mainly focused on the views that were more radical than those of the original Brahmo Samajists. When there is a division that happens in Brahmo Samaj affects the entire functioning of samaj.

Hence, the correct answer is option (D).

Note:He founded the short-lived Atmiya-Sabha (Friendly Society) to propagate his doctrines of monotheistic Hinduism. Raja Rammohan Roy started the first Bengali language weekly newspaper and also the first newspaper in an Indian language. His pioneering forays in journalism were aimed at educating Indians on a wide range of issues. His newspaper Sambad Koumudi helped people form an opinion about the issues affecting their daily life in British India.