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How are monomers, polymers, and macromolecules related?

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Last updated date: 18th Jun 2024
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Answer
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Hint: The words monomers, polymers and macromolecules give the meaning of their individual terms themselves. One can analyze the meaning of each word and can find the relation between these terms about the size and other aspects.

Complete step by step answer:
1) First of all we will try to learn about each given term as below,
i) Monomer: The word monomer gives the meaning of itself as mono means one and mer means unit. The monomers are the primary building blocks of the large-sized polymers. The monomers are identical units that repeat themselves in a polymer that bonds covalently with each other for the formation of polymers.
ii) Polymers: The word polymer gives the meaning itself where Poly means many and mer means unit. A polymer consists of a large molecule or a macromolecule which has many subunits of monomers.
iii) Macromolecules: The macro means the large which gives us the meaning of macromolecules as large molecules. Macromolecules are made up of many polymers. Some examples of monomers are carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids. The carbohydrates macromolecules are composed of small monomer units such as carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen.
2) Now from all the above data we can say the relation sentence between monomers, polymers, and macromolecules as below,
The monomers are the building blocks of the polymers. The polymers are the building blocks of the macromolecules.

Note:
In biology, the macromolecules are referred to as the major categories of molecules that are present in the cell such as proteins, lipids, carbohydrates, and nucleic acids. The polymers are present in every form around us and that can be from the strand of DNA in cells which is a naturally occurring biopolymer to polypropylene that is majorly used as plastic.