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An ecologist is a person who studies ________________.
a) survival and extinction of all living organisms on this earth
b) the evil effects of population explosion and advances in technology on living organisms of this earth
c) how insects, birds, plants, animals and men are related to one another and to their environment
d) ways and means to promote harmonious growth of men, animals, plants, birds and insects on this earth

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Last updated date: 13th Jun 2024
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Answer
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Hint: An ecologist is a person who is a biologist who studies the relationship between organisms and their environment.

Complete answer:
In the given question, we have to identify which of the given options correctly presume what it is that ecologists study.
Let us thus analyze the options given to us in this question:
Option (a.), 'survival and extinction of all living organisms on this earth', is incorrect as it does not match what the role of an ecologist is- to study the relationship between organisms and their environment.

Option (b.), ‘the evil effects of population explosion and advances in technology on living organisms of this earth', is incorrect as it does not match what the role of an ecologist is- to study the relationship between organisms and their environment.

Option (c.), ‘how insects, birds, plants, animals, and men are related to one another and to their environment', is correct as it correctly defines what an ecologist studies.

Option (d.), ‘ways and means to promote harmonious growth of men, animals, plants, birds, and insects on this earth', is incorrect as it does not match what the role of an ecologist is- to study the relationship between organisms and their environment.

Note:
In this question, the students may be curious about what ecology is. Ecology refers to the environment as it relates to living organisms. It is also the branch of biology concerned with the relations between organisms and their environment.