Hint: He was an Indian cytogeneticist, cell biologist, and Head of the Department of Botany at the University of Kolkata.
Let’s discuss the given options and find the correct answer.
A) A. K. Sharma or Professor Arun Kumar Sharma was an Indian cytogeneticist, cell biologist, cytochemist, and Head of the Department of Botany at the University of Kolkata. He is known as the father of Indian cytology. He was a pioneer in cytogenetics and cytochemistry research in India and developing new research techniques for the study of the chromosome structure of plants. His research has been documented by various books and moreover 500 articles.
B) P. Maheshwari or Dr. Panchanan Maheshwari was an eminent botanist specialized in plant embryology, morphology and anatomy, plant physiology, and biochemistry. He was one of the leading plant biologists who established the technique of test-tube fertilization of angiosperms.
C) B. P. Pal or Dr. B. P. Pal was the first Indian Director of the IARI in New Delhi. He held this position from May 1965 to January 1972. He developed a systematic breeding method to develop varieties with resistance to rust disease.
D) Lal Singhji was an Indian scientist, worked in the field of DNA fingerprinting technology in India, also known as the father of Indian DNA fingerprinting. He was awarded the Padma Shri in 2004 for his contribution towards Indian science and technology.
Hence, option A: A. K. Sharma is the correct answer.
Note: Robert Hooke is known as the father of cytology. While Carl P Swanson is known as the father of modern cytology.