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A coffee filter is used to separate coffee liquid from ground, this is a suitable example for
A: Sublimation
B. Filtration
C. Distillation
D. Evaporation

Last updated date: 11th Jun 2024
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Hint:A separation process is a physical method of separating a mixture into its components. These processes can work on the basis of solubility of its components, difference in particle size and more. Analyse the type of mixture coffee is and determine which out of the given option can be used for its separation.

Complete step by step answer:
A separation is the technique that fully divides the mixture into pure constituents. Separation exploits the difference in chemical properties or physical properties between the constituents of a mixture. Processes are often classified according to the particular difference they use to achieve separation.
There are many other techniques such as chromatography, electrophoresis, extraction, flotation, zone refining.
Sublimation; It is defined as the transition of a substance directly from the solid to the gases state without passing through the liquid state .For example, When water vapour is directly converted to ice, pressure and temperature are very specific for these conditions..
Distillation: It is the process of separating components of a mixture based on different boiling points. Examples of uses of distillation include oil refining, and making liquefied gases from air. distillation is a widely used method for separating mixtures based on differences in the condition required to change the phase of the component of the mixture.
Evaporation: It is another process used for separation, the process by which an element or compound transitions from its liquid state to its gaseous state below the temperature at which it boils; in particular the process by which liquid water enters the atmosphere as water vapour.
Filtration: It may be defined as the process used to separate solids from liquid or gases using a filter medium that allows the fluid to pass through but not the solid. the term filtration applies whether the filter is mechanical, or physical.
Now, coming to the answer, from the definition of filtration it is clear that a filtrate is used to separate liquid. Coffee filters are used to filter coffee from its liquid form.
Hence option B is the correct option.

Since coffee was made of two components, the coffee and the liquid it is dissolved in. However, if the coffee has been made of a mixture of liquids, such as milk and water, then only filtration would not be suitable. Since, coffee will have different solubility in milk and in water. Hence a combination of separating funnel and filtration will need to be applied.