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ICSE Syllabus for Class 8 Geography

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Last updated date: 13th Jul 2024
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Geography Syllabus 2024-25 Examination - Free PDF Download

Geography is a subject that is known to give students a hard time especially if the students are not thorough with the concepts. To ensure clarity of every topic one needs to know where to start from. This is where the syllabus elaborated by Vedantu comes in handy. A proper grasp of the syllabus is the first step towards success. 


The simplified ICSE Class 8 Geography syllabus lets students understand and analyse the structure of the course. The ICSE syllabus Class 8 Geography also serves as a blueprint that can be used to prepare for the ICSE examination. 

ICSE Class 8 Geography Syllabus

Theme 1: Representation of Geographical Features

The topographic sheets or the top sheets are large-scaled maps, and in these maps, you can find various features that are both naturally existing and human-made. These features are represented using symbols and colours that are conventionally used. The student gets introduced to contours and can interpret the toposheets based on features of contours. Children also learn to represent landforms like plateaus, valleys, and hills using contours which they draw on plain sheets.

Post studying this chapter students will be able to:

  • Read contours presented on the toposheets

  • Distinguish between various slopes like between steep and gentle slope

  • Identify landforms by looking at the contours on the toposheet

  • Differentiate patterns of settlements on toposheets

  • Draw contours on plain papers


Theme 2: Population Dynamics

This theme enables the students to understand the reason behind the growth in population in different parts of the world. They can comprehend terms like death rate, birth rate, migration, and population density. The students can also make a case study approach that helps develop their understanding of the high growth rate impact on social-economic development

After reading this chapter students will be able to:

  • Describe various factors affecting the population of a region

  • Understand the impact of over and under population on a society

  • Identify over and underpopulated nations in the world

  • Interpret a population pyramid showing the composition of the population based on factors of age and sex   


Theme 3: Migration

This theme's primary focus is to understand humans' movement from one place to another for varied purposes. Children are made to understand the migration types and how it impacts the area's social and economic development. The theme lets students investigate issues that are related to brain drain and how it affects society.

After post thorough understanding of the concepts of this topic, students will be able to:

  • Differentiate between the terms - emigration, and immigration

  • Explain reasons for migration 

  • Analyse the impact of migration in any region

  • Identify and understand regions of the world where huge migration took place at some point in the history 

  • Understand the meaning of brain-drain

  • Identify factors behind the brain drain in India

  • Inspect and understand the positive and negative impacts of the brain- drain in India.


Theme 4: Urbanisation

The theme lets students understand what urbanisation is and what are its effects and causes. They can relate the knowledge that they gained in the earlier theme to know how the rapid increase in urbanisation in the world leads to migration.

This chapter will teach students about the phenomenon of urbanization. Learning outcomes for students would be:

  • Describing the term “urbanization” 

  • They will be able to identify causes of urbanization

  • They will be able to explain the impacts of urbanization

  • They will learn to distinguish between a smart city and any other urban centre

  •  They will be in a position to explain steps taken at the local level to keep the urban areas clean.


Theme 5: Natural and Man-made Disasters

The theme enables children to build on their knowledge to study the disasters in detail through case studies. They also learn about disaster management and the role of the government in disaster management.

After understanding all the concepts of this chapter students will be able to:

  • Distinguish between natural and manmade disasters

  • Understand the importance of disaster management

  • Demonstrate measures that need to be taken in case of an earthquake, flood, fire

  • Elaborate the causes, effects, and impact of floods, earthquakes, and oil spills on life and the environment

  • Enlist preventive measures to mitigate the effects of disasters.


Theme 6: Asia: The Largest Continent

Children have already got the basics about the continents. In this theme, the children learn about the largest continent in the world, which is Asia. The children learn about the natural environments and the physical features of the continent.

After finishing the chapter learners will be able to:

  • Locate Asian countries on the globe as well as on the world map

  • Identify important physical features e.g. mountains, plateaus, deserts, rivers, lakes, islands. on the map of the Asian continent

  • Discuss how the climate of Asia is impacted due to latitudinal extent and unique relief features

  • Analyse how climate and natural vegetation in Asia are interrelated.


Theme 7: India: Geographical Features

The theme builds on the child's previous knowledge and develops, focuses, and offers an in-depth understanding of India. It teaches them about the country's various geographical features and its vital role in the country's economics.

After going through this chapter students will be in a position to: 

  • Understand the location and extent of India concerning other countries of the Asian continent 

  • Locate important relief features such as mountains, plateaus, deserts, islands, rivers on the map of India 

  • Differentiate the relief, climate, and vegetation of India from other parts of Asia 

  • Explain the importance of the monsoon and how it impacts the socio-cultural life of the nation.


Theme 8: India: Human Resources

The theme introduces and makes the child aware of human resources' concepts and how they are used for a country's socio-economic development. Children are made aware of the educated, healthy, and skilled humans who are an asset to the nation. Children also investigate the areas in India where natural resources are not used optimally.

On completion of this particular chapter a student will be able to:

  • Understand and comprehend the meaning of the term human resource

  • Talk about the role of health and education in the development of the human resources 

  • Differentiate between skilled and unskilled human resource

  • Recognize areas in which India is lagging in development due to lack of unskilled human resource

  • Inspect various factors responsible for the development of a region.

FAQs on ICSE Syllabus for Class 8 Geography

1. Why Vedantu?

Students must understand the Class 8th Geography ICSE syllabus well and get a strategy to score in the examination. Using the Geography syllabus for Class 8 ICSE the student can boost his academic efficiency.


At Vedantu, you will get the entire ICSE syllabus of Geography Class 8 which should be kept handy to fare well in the emanation.

2. How can I download the syllabus for Class 8 Geography?

Complete syllabus of ICSE Class 8 geography in a well structured and organized format is available on Vedantu’s website as well as the app. One can simply download it by visiting either of the two. It’s available for free for everyone, with no hidden charges. You need to first sign in by providing your email ids and you can download the syllabus of Class 8 geography in pdf format. The syllabus is designed in such a manner that it becomes easier for the students to understand the demand of the curriculum.  

3. What are the topics covered in Chapter 1 of the ICSE Class 8 geography?

 ICSE Class 8 geography has a total of 8 chapters based on various themes. The first chapter is “Representation of Geographical Features”. This chapter discusses contours and toposheets and their significance. It enables students to interpret toposheets based on contours and relief features. This chapter also talks about various symbols and colours used to represent varying contours and relief features on the top sheets. Representation of various landforms on plain sheets through contours is also discussed in the later parts of the chapter. 

4. Where can I find useful study resources for ICSE Class 8 geography?

All the study material needed for studying Class 8 geography (ICSE Board) is available on Vendantu’s app as well as on the official website. These resources are freely available in pdf format. One only needs to enter their contact details and study material will be made available to them in pdf format which can be downloaded. All the material is prepared under the guidance of subject experts, thus they are of the highest quality and highly accurate. They ensure conceptual clarity and thereby put you on the right track to achieve the highest marks.   

5. How is the Vedantu Geography Syllabus for Class 8 ICSE essential?

Geography is a subject which has been known to give students a hard time. Tackling this problem requires a step-by-step approach, in which one step is to understand the syllabus. Vedantu does exactly this for you! Vedantu has restructured the syllabus in a very crisp and concise manner. This ensures students can understand the demand of the curriculum in one go. One need not run from pole to pole looking for an accurate syllabus, you can simply download it from Vedantu’s official site or app.