List of National Birds of All Countries

by Puja Roy September 05, 2022

Names and Scientific Names of National Birds of Countries List

Introduction

Birds have always been the prime choice of emblems, sigils, and insignias of various dynasties and countries since the historical ages. These majestic creatures exude confidence in what they do and make a sign of bravery, power, intelligence, survival, and many other things. In this article, we will find out the names and scientific names of national birds of all countries.

This list will help you understand and remember the common names and scientific names of the national birds of the leading countries in the world. You can easily prepare this list and escalate your general knowledge. With this list, you can find answers to common questions such as what is the national bird of a particular country.

Why are Birds Considered National Symbols?

The appearance of a bird defines particular traits. These traits when matched with a country’s heritage, vision, and history, it is considered the national bird of that country. Choosing a symbol like this enables us to represent the core values of a country and also to give a good message to the world.

Previously, symbols, sigils, insignias, and emblems were used to contain the images or drawings of particular birds. A particular species was chosen that was random in that country and represented a core value. National birds are chosen to showcase power, intelligence, viciousness, valour, and bravery back in history. These days, it is chosen based on the availability of a species in a country and to symbolise something important.

List of National Birds’ Names and Scientific Names

Here is the list of scientific names of birds chosen as national birds along with their common names.

Country

Scientific Name

Bird Name

A

Afghanistan

Aquila Chrysaetos

Golden Eagle

Andorra

Gypaetus Barbatus

Bearded Vulture

Angola

Tauraco Erythrolophus

Red-Crested Turaco

Anguilla

Zenaida Aurita

Zenaida Dove

Antigua And Barbuda

Fregata Magnificens

Magnificent Frigatebird

Argentina

Furnarius Rufus

Rufous Hornero

Armenia

Aquila Chrysaetos

Golden Eagle

Aruba

Athene Cunicularia

Burrowing Owl

Australia

Dromaius Novaehollandiae

Emu

Austria

Hirundo Rustica

Barn Swallow

B

Bahrain

Pycnonotus Leucogenys

White-Eared Bulbul

Bangladesh

Copsychus Saularis

Oriental Magpie-Robin

Belarus

Ciconia Ciconia

White Stork

Belgium

Falco Tinnunculus

Common Kestrel

Belize

Ramphastos Sulfuratus

Keel-Billed Toucan

Bermuda

Pterodroma Cahow

Bermuda Petrel

Bhutan

Corvus Corax

Common Raven

Bolivia

Vultur Gryphus

Andean Condor

Botswana

Coracias Caudatus

Lilac-Breasted Roller

Brazil

Turdus Rufiventris

Rufous-Bellied Thrush

British Virgin Islands

Zenaida Macroura

Mourning Dove

C

Cambodia

Thaumatibis Gigantea

Giant Ibis

Cape Verde

Halcyon Leucocephala

Grey-Headed Kingfisher

Cayman Islands

Amazona Leucocephala

Cuban Parrot

Chile

Vultur Gryphus

Andean Condor

China

Grus Japonensis

Red-Crowned Crane

Colombia

Vultur Gryphus

Andean Condor

Costa Rica

Turdus Grayi

Clay-Colored Thrush

Croatia

Luscinia Megarhynchos

Nightingale

Cuba

Priotelus Temnurus

Cuban Trogon

D

Denmark

Cygnus Olor

Mute Swan

Dominica

Amazona Imperialis

Imperial Amazon

Dominican Republic

Dulus Dominicus

Palmchat

E

Ecuador

Vultur Gryphus

Andean Condor

Egypt

Aquila Chrysaetos

Golden Eagle

El Salvador

Eumomota Superciliosa

Turquoise-Browed Motmot

Estonia

Hirundo Rustica

Barn Swallow

F

Faroe Islands

Haematopus Ostralegus

Eurasian Oystercatcher

Finland

Cygnus Cygnus

Whooper Swan

France

Gallus Gallus

Gallic Rooster

G

Germany

Aquila Chrysaetos

Golden Eagle

Gibraltar

Alectoris Barbara

Barbary Partridge

Greece

Athene Noctua

Little Owl

Grenada

Leptotila Wellsi

Grenada Dove

Guatemala

Pharomachrus Mocinno

Resplendent Quetzal

Guyana

Opisthocomus Hoazin

Hoatzin

H

Haiti

Priotelus Roseigaster

Hispaniolan Trogon

Honduras

Ara Macao

Scarlet Macaw

Hungary

Falco Cherrug

Saker Falcon

I

Iceland

Falco Rusticolus

Gyrfalcon

India

Pavo Cristatus

Indian Peacock

Indonesia

Nisaetus Bartelsi

Javan Hawk-Eagle

Iran

Luscinia Megarhynchos

Common Nightingale

Iraq

Alectoris Chukar

Chukar Partridge

Ireland

Vanellus Vanellus

Northern Lapwing

Israel

Upupa Epops

Hoopoe

Italy

Passer Italiae

Italian Sparrow

Ivory Coast

Tauraco Leucotis

White-Cheeked Turaco

J

Jamaica

Trochilus Polytmus

Doctor Bird

Japan

Phasianus Versicolor

Green Pheasant

Jordan

Carpodacus Synoicus

Sinai Rosefinch

K

Kenya

Coracias Caudatus

Lilac-Breasted Roller

L

Latvia

Motacilla Alba

White Wagtail

Liberia

Pycnonotus Barbatus

Garden Bulbul

Lithuania

Ciconia Ciconia

White Stork

Luxembourg

Regulus Regulus

Goldcrest

M

Malawi

Haliaeetus Vocifer

African Fish Eagle

Malaysia

Buceros Rhinoceros

Rhinoceros Hornbill

Maldives

Streptopelia Orientalis

Oriental Turtle Dove

Malta

Monticola Solitarius

Blue Rock Thrush

Mauritius

Raphus Cucullatus

Dodo

Mexico

Aquila Chrysaetos

Golden Eagle

Mongolia

Falco Cherrug

Saker Falcon

Montserrat

Icterus Oberi

Montserrat Oriole

Myanmar (Burma)

Polyplectron Bicalcaratum

Grey Peacock-Pheasant

N

Namibia

Haliaeetus Vocifer

African Fish Eagle

Nepal

Lophophorus Impejanus

Himalayan Monal

Netherlands

Limosa Limosa

Black-Tailed Godwit

New Zealand

Apteryx Mantelli

Kiwi

Nicaragua

Eumomota Superciliosa

Turquoise-Browed Motmot

Nigeria

Balearica Pavonina

Black Crowned Crane

North Korea

Accipiter Gentilis

Northern Goshawk

Norway

Cinclus Cinclus

White-Throated Dipper

P

Pakistan

Alectoris Chukar

Chukar Partridge

Palau

Ptilinopus Pelewensis

Palau Fruit Dove

Palestine

Cinnyris Oseus

Palestine Sunbird

Panama

Harpia Harpyja

Harpy Eagle

Papua New Guinea

Paradisaea Raggiana

Raggiana Bird-Of-Paradise

Paraguay

Procnias Nudicollis

Bare-Throated Bellbird

Peru

Rupicola Peruvianus

Andean Cock-Of-The-Rock

Philippines

Pithecophaga Jefferyi

Philippine Eagle

Poland

Haliaeetus Albicilla

White-Tailed Eagle

Puerto Rico

Spindalis Portoricensis

Puerto Rican Spindalis

R

Romania

Pelecanus Onocrotalus

Great White Pelican

Russia

Cygnus Columbianus

Tundra Swan

S

Saint Helena

Charadrius Sanctaehelenae

Saint Helena Plover

Saint Kitts And Nevis

Pelecanus Occidentalis

Brown Pelican

Saint Lucia

Amazona Versicolor

Saint Lucian Parrot

Saint Vincent And The Grenadines

Amazona Guildingii

Saint Vincent Parrot

Samoa

Didunculus Strigirostris

Tooth-Billed Pigeon

Scotland

Aquila Chrysaetos

Golden Eagle

Serbia

Gyps Fulvus

Griffon Vulture

Singapore

Aethopyga Siparaja

Crimson Sunbird

South Africa

Anthropoides Paradisea

Blue Crane

South Korea

Pica Sericea

Korean Magpie

South Sudan

Haliaeetus Vocifer

African Fish Eagle

Spain

Aquila Adalberti

Spanish Imperial Eagle

Sri Lanka

Gallus Lafayetii

Sri Lankan Junglefowl

Sudan

Sagittarius Serpentarius

Secretary Bird

Swaziland

Tauraco Porphyreolophus

Purple-Crested Turaco

Sweden

Turdus Merula

Common Blackbird

T

Taiwan

Urocissa Caerulea

Taiwan Blue Magpie

Thailand

Lophura Diardi

Siamese Fireback

The Bahamas

Phoenicopterus Ruber

American Flamingo

Trinidad And Tobago

Eudocimus Ruber

Scarlet Ibis

Trinidad and Tobago

Ortalis Ruficauda

Cocrico

Turkey

Turdus Iliacus

Redwing

U

Uganda

Balearica Regulorum

Grey Crowned Crane

Ukraine

Ciconia Ciconia

White Stork

United Arab Emirates

Falco Peregrinus

Peregrine Falcon

United Kingdom

Erithacus Rubecula

European Robin

United States Of America

Haliaeetus Leucocephalus

Bald Eagle

Uruguay

Vanellus Chilensis

Southern Lapwing

V

Venezuela

Icterus Icterus

Venezuelan Troupial

W

Wales

Milvus Milvus

Red Kite

Z

Zambia

Haliaeetus Vocifer

African Fish Eagle

Zimbabwe

Haliaeetus Vocifer

African Fish Eagle


How is a National Bird Chosen?

Every country must choose a national bird. It plays as a sign or symbol of a country’s heritage and traditions. The symbolism of a species chosen as a national bird can also signify many things. Hence, choosing the right species is mandatory. In fact, we also have many examples where the countries are known by their national birds in the world.

In most cases, a bird is chosen based on its availability in the wildlife ecosystems of a country. The abundance, uniqueness, and ubiquity of a bird species are considered before making it a national symbol. For instance, the proper bird's information is taken and tallied with that of others to consider it a national bird.

The birds are also chosen based on the national character of a country deep-rooted in age-old history. The bird might be mentioned in history too. The list above represents how birds are chosen based on their importance and significance. Some are officially recognized whereas the rest are unofficially adopted. A country might have different types of birds but only one is chosen as the right symbol for a country considering all these factors.

It also shows that all countries have considered different species as national birds. It means that all the countries are different in terms of diversity in avian fauna too. If we consider the above list of bird names, we can clearly understand how these birds have been chosen as the national symbol of a country.

National Birds Name and Example

Let us consider an example. If we consider the peacock, it is the national bird of India. Male peacocks are majestic in terms of their beautiful plumage and elegance. They walk with a royal charm and can also fly. Peacocks are big in size and have huge tails. They dance in front of female peahens to charm them and commit to a courtship.

This world beautiful bird is considered to be India’s national bird as it is the vehicle of Lord Kartikeya, the son of Lord Shiva. The royal palaces of India were adorned with peacocks. This bird is easily recognizable. It can also kill snakes and ward off small predators. Peacocks are fierce protectors of their territory.

A Short List of National Birds’ Names of Different Countries

National Bird of India

We can clearly understand why this bird has been chosen as the prime symbol of India. Our rich culture and heritage reflect the powerful dynasties, thrones, and the existence of valour. A peacock is the perfect reflection of all these strong traits of India.

In similar ways, a national bird is chosen by a country. Sometimes, it is unofficially adopted based on the affluence of a species. These choices do not have any direct connection with the history of a country or resemble any particular trait of a constitution.

Benefits of The List of Birds Name

This list will help you to find the names of national birds of countries stacked in alphabetical order. Using this table will help you to memorise the common and scientific names of the birds faster. In fact, you can also use it along with an all birds name with picture PDF file to recognize the birds and answer quiz questions accurately.

Remembering the names will also help you to score more in the competitive exams. The competitive tests often ask questions related to national birds of different countries. Memorise this list and find out the accurate names of national birds and answer questions faster.

Conclusion

The list of national birds shows how fascinating the avian world is. There is so much diversity. Ornithologists study birds and their characteristics. It is a different branch of science. Learning the names of the national birds will offer the above-mentioned benefits.

Get a better competitive edge with this list by increasing your knowledge. Learn to recognise the birds' pictures with names by referring to this list and become an expert. You can also find out why a bird is chosen and considered a national symbol among all other birds found in a country.