Topic 1 - Synonyms:
A synonym is a word that means exactly the same meaning or it is very close to that word in the same language. A synonym may have the exact meaning of the original word but may not necessarily replace the original one.
Example: ‘ spontaneous’ is a synonym of ‘impromptu’.
Topic 2 - Antonyms:
An antonym is a word that means exactly the opposite of any word. The word antonym originated from the Greek word ‘anti’ meaning opposite and ‘synonym’ meaning name.
Sometimes words with difficult meaning can be better understood by its antonyms.
Example: ‘close’ is the antonym of ‘open’.
Topic 3 - Analogies and Spellings:
Analogy means to make a comparison between two things. This is done to establish a relationship between those two.
Example: ‘ Bone ‘ and a ‘ Dog’ - A dog is always attached to its bone.
Whereas a word is made up of spelling. Every word's spelling defines the word.
Topic 4 - One-word substitutions and common idioms/proverbs:
One word substitution replaces an entire sentence by one word.
Example: series of stars - ‘ Constellation’.
An idiom is a phrase said in reference to something but not necessarily has any sense to it.
Example: ‘ fed up of’ means ‘to get tired of something’.
Whereas a proverb is a famous saying with a deep meaning
Example: ‘a stitch in time saves nine' means 'one should respect the time’.
Topic 5 - Nouns and Pronouns:
A noun is a name to identify a person, thing, place or animal, etc. Various types of nouns are proper nouns, common nouns.
Example: ‘Rahul is a good boy’.
A pronoun can be defined as a word to replace a noun. Different types of pronouns include personal and possessive pronouns.
Example: I, Me, Us.
Topic 6 - Verbs and Phrasal verbs:
A verb is something that describes an action or an activity. There are two types of, the main verb, and the helping verb.
Example: She is reading a book.
A phrasal verb is a combination of two or three grammatical words to form an idiomatic phrase.
Example: Rundown or sit up.
Topic 7 - Adverbs and Adjectives:
Adverb means the word that modifies a verb or an adjective. It expresses time, place, mannerism and frequency.
Example: Arun drives slowly.
An adjective is a word that modifies a noun or a pronoun to give it more by making the sentence more specific and interesting.
Example: A black hat.
Topic 8 - Articles and Prepositions:
An article is an adjective that modifies a noun. There are two types of articles that are - Definite article and Indefinite article.
Example: The yellow bag on the floor.
A preposition is a short word that links a noun and is usually placed before them.
Example: Take your sister with you.
Topic 9 - Conjunctions and Determiners:
A conjunction is a word that joins two phrases, sentences or words also called joining words.
Example: I wasn’t able to reach on time because my car tire busted.
Determiners are words that introduce a noun and also give some information about the noun.
Example: This tea has turned cold.
Topic 10 - Jumbled words:
Jumbled words are the words that are mixed or disarranged in order to confuse an individual. Solving jumbled words increases one’s vocabulary and enhances concentration levels. It also requires an understanding of words, attention to detail and the ability to arrange them in order so that sentence makes sense.
Example: TAR - the word is ‘RAT’.
Topic 11 - Tenses:
A tense is a verb that distinguishes actions depending on its occurrence. There are three types of tenses - Present, Past, and Future tenses. The present tense informs about the current action, past tense about the action that has already occurred and the future tense predicts the action that will happen.
Example: I am reading (Present) or I read the book (Past) or I am going to read a book (Future)
Topic 12 - Voices and Narration:
In English grammar, there are two types of voices - Active and Passive voice. Active voice emphasizes the person in action, passive voice is concerned with the object.
Example: The teacher teaches (Active) and The students are taught by the teacher (Passive).
Narration basically is tags that are used while narrating any information. They are of two types - Direct and Indirect Speech.
Example: Mr. Sharma said he wanted to meet me (direct) and Mr. Sharma said that he wanted to meet me (Indirect).
Topic 13 - Comprehension:
Comprehension means reading a passage or a paragraph thoroughly and understanding it. It is important to understand the given passage properly so that it becomes easy to answer the questions given below the passage. It is important to understand the meanings of the words and find inferences within the passage.
Topic 14 - Spoken and written expressions:
There are two ways by which we can communicate, one is by way of words that are spoken expression and the other is a written form of expressing. Both forms have the ability to express one’s thoughts. Some are comfortable expressing by speaking up while some are comfortable in expressing themselves by writing.
We hope this updated IEO syllabus for Class 8 gives you a thorough understanding of what to expect in the International English Olympiad exam, it will help you prepare and crack the exam. Vedantu is always there to guide you through this process. Hurry up and download our well-designed IEO syllabus Class 8 and start with your preparation to score a great rank.
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