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Important Questions for CBSE Class 6 Social Science - Social and Political Life Chapter 9 - Urban Livelihoods

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Last updated date: 23rd May 2024
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CBSE Class 6 Social Science - Social and Political Life Important Questions Chapter 9 - Urban Livelihoods - Free PDF Download

Unlocking the intricacies of urban livelihoods becomes more engaging and comprehensive with the curated set of important questions for CBSE Class 6 Social Science - Social and Political Life Chapter 9. These questions delve into the heart of urban life, offering students a profound understanding of the dynamics shaping livelihoods in urban environments. As a valuable resource for exam preparation, these important questions cater to a holistic grasp of the chapter, ensuring students are well-equipped to tackle any assessment challenges. Let's explore these questions to unravel the complexities of urban livelihoods in Class 6 Social Science.

Study Important Questions for Class 6 Social Science Chapter 09 – Urban Livelihoods

1. Fill in the blanks:

  1. Shopkeepers give orders and payments to the _____.

Ans: Shopkeepers give orders and payments to the salespersons.

  1. Casual workers work in the _______ sector.

Ans: Casual workers work in the unorganized sector.

  1. Bhopal is famous for the work of ______.

Ans: Bhopal is famous for the work of zari. 

  1. Permanent employees are not entitled to _____ countries’ national holidays.

Ans: Permanent employees are not entitled to other countries’ national holidays.


2. State true and false:

i. There is no job security in permanent jobs.

    Ans: False

ii. Temporary workers are always pressurised to complete their tasks.

     Ans: True 

iii. Call centers are the new form of employment in the cities.

      Ans: True 

iv. The salaries of permanent employees are deducted during medical leave.

      Ans: False 


3. Match the following:

  1. Net Connection

Cheese, Milk, Butter, Curd

  1. Cable Operator

Daily need items

  1. Kirana Store

Dish and DTH services

  1. Milk Shop 

Internet Facilities


Ans:

  1. Net Connection

Internet Facilities

  1. Cable Operator

Dish and DTH services

  1. Kirana Store

Daily need items

  1. Milk Shop 

Cheese, Milk, Butter, Curd


4. Choose the correct option:

i. An ideal city-state for setting up a textile business

  1. Gujarat

  2. Mandsaur

  3. Madhya Pradesh

  4. Jammu and Kashmir

 Ans: a. Gujarat 

ii. Micro-entrepreneur

  1. Marketing manager of a private company

  2. A businessman

  3. Both a and b

  4. None of the above

Ans: a. Marketing manager of a private company


5. Define the following:

i. Workshops

Ans: Workshops are rooms in factories where workers work to manufacture different goods to sell those in the market. 

ii. Casual workers

Ans: Casual workers are the workers who are employed based on temporary job contracts to do time-based jobs. They enjoy no extra benefits and job security. 


Short Answer Questions (2 Marks)

6. Who are salespersons?

Ans: Salespersons are personnel of an industrial company and their responsibilities are to take orders of industrial goods from shopkeepers and gather payments from them and then transport their orders to specific destinations on time.


7. Which international organization deals with labour issues?

Ans: A United Nations body, International Labour Organisation deals with the issues faced by labourers.


8. What is a call centre?

Ans: Call centres are big centralized offices where the employees handle the problems/issues faced by customers regarding goods and services they have bought. In recent years, they have emerged as the major source of employment in urban areas. 


9. Which threat does a temporary employee feel?

Ans: A temporary employee always feels threatened by job insecurity, ill-treatment, and chances of getting fired by the employer.


10. What do you mean by the provident fund?

Ans: Provident fund refers to lifetime savings of an individual and it is obtained along with interests after retirement. 


Short Answer Question (3 Marks)

11. How does a job play in someone’s life?

Ans: Jobs play an important role in someone’s life in the following ways—

  • Jobs help an individual to become financially secure. 

  • It gives one a sense of independence, self-confidence and is the key to achieve life goals. 

  • Apart from sustaining oneself, jobs help people to sustain the dependent members of their families. From necessities to luxuries, every demand of people can only be fulfilled by the earnings that come from jobs. 

  • Not only at individual levels but also jobs help in the betterment of a nation’s economy as a whole. A country is considered rich when its national income increases. 

  • Also, people who earn pay a certain amount of money as tax to the government. With these taxes, the government introduces many welfare programmes which help in the social and economic upliftment of all the people living in a nation. 


12. What are factories?

Ans: Factories refer to buildings where the industrial production of goods is carried out. It contains workshops where workforces are involved in different types of work interchange of certain remuneration. The works generally involve using various machines or instruments to provide finished products within a short period. Example— In a garment factory, different types of clothes are manufactured. The workers use sewing machines to stitch pieces of cloth within a short period. 


13. What do you mean by a businessperson?

Ans: Businesspersons are people who own shops or companies and manage those on their own. They can also be called employers as they often employ people to work in their respective companies as supervisors and helpers. In other words, business persons are those who are not employed but generate employment themselves. For example – if you own a saree shop and have appointed some workers in it, you are a businessperson. 


14. What is one basic thing that a municipal corporation does?

Ans:  A municipal corporation is a sole body that is authorized to decide the working days of a market. In other words, it decides on which days of a week a market is supposed to remain either open or closed. It means it also decides the holidays of a market. 


15. How does a marketing manager influence the market?

Ans: Marketing managers are employees who influence the market by supervising or managing the salespersons of a company. Their tasks in a company involve meeting salespersons of different regions, keeping track of their progress, helping them with the problems they face, and encouraging them to increase confidence to carry out their work perfectly. In short, marketing managers of a company are solely responsible for planning the sales in a whole city. 


Long Answer Questions (5 Marks)

16.  Differentiate between permanent versus casual jobs.

Ans: The differences between permanent and casual jobs are—

Permanent jobs

Casual jobs

  1. Job security is there. 

  1. Job security is not there.

  1. Work is available all year round. 

  1. Work may not be available all year round. 

  1. A fixed amount of salary is received every month. 

  1. There may not be fixed payments. 

  1. Work is done in regular fixed working hours. 

  1. There are no fixed working hours and a worker may also have to work overtime. 

  1. Permanent job workers receive paid holidays and leaves.

  1. Casual job workers are not given any payment if they take leaves or holidays. 

  1. There are additional benefits like old age savings, medical facilities, etc. 

  1. There are no such additional benefits. 

  1. Examples of permanent job workers include civil service employees, corporate sector employees, etc. 

  1. Examples of casual job workers include workers in a factory, masons, etc. 


17. Explain the living conditions of the laborers living in the slum areas of the cities.

Ans: The living condition of the labours that live in the slum areas of the city is as follows—

  • Most of the labourers live in harsh and unhealthy conditions in slum areas that lack basic facilities and security.

  • As most of the laborers don’t have permanent jobs and high income, they mostly do not own permanent residences. 

  • They do not have a permanent shelter and sleep on pavements or in paid night shelters run by the Municipal Corporation.

  • Sometimes, they somehow manage to set up small congested homes on the street. 

  • There are spaces where several workers leave their belongings during the day and go to work and cook meals at night. 

  • Many laborers also take loans from the local tea and cigarette shops which offer safety for their extra money and tools but in an unorganised way.


18. From the chapter ‘Urban Livelihood’ fill in the given data.

Name 

Place of work 

Earnings

Security of work 

Benefits received

Work on their own or employed 

Bachchu

Manjhi

Cycle-

Rickshaw Puller



No

benefits

received


Harpreet, Vandana


Good

earning

Yes,

licence

to do

business


Work on

their

own

Nirmala

Garment

Factory


No

security


Employed

Sudha



Secured


Employed


Ans:

Name 

Place of work 

Earnings

Security of work 

Benefits received

Work on their own or employed 

Bachchu

Manjhi

Cycle-

Rickshaw Puller

Rs. $200 - 300$per day

No security

No

benefits

received

Work on their own

Harpreet, Vandana

Readymade garments showroom

Good

earning

Yes,

license

to do

business

Growth

in

business

Work on

their

own

Nirmala

Garment

Factory

Rs. $280$per day for working straight for eight hours and Rs.$100$extra for working more than eight hours

No

security

Regular fixed income during the employment period and additional income for working extra hours. 

Employed

Sudha

Biscuit manufacturing company 

Regular monthly salary

Secured

Old-age savings, medical facilities, holidays, and paid leaves

Employed


19. What are the other benefits of a government job along with salary?

Ans: A government job comes with many benefits except for the salary. Such benefits are as follows—

  • Old-age savings: In the form of a provident fund, a part of an individual’s salary is kept with the government. These are the lifetime savings and it is obtained along with interests after retirement. 

  • Holidays: A government employee is also eligible to have off from work on Sundays as well as national holidays. Apart from these declared holidays, he/she can also take leave on a certain number of days which are part of her annual leave.

  • Medical facilities: Government employees are also paid a certain amount of medical expenses of their own as well as their family members. Besides these, they also get paid leaves on account of ill health.

  • Job security: Unlike casual workers, they are the permanent workers of the government. They have no chances of getting fired and hence enjoy job security. 


20. Why is there always a threat to the lives of tribes?

Ans: The reasons behind the threat to tribal lives are as follows—

  • Loss of livelihood: As the population in a country increases, there is a need to increase the available resources to sustain them. Hence, to build more settlements, forested areas are cleared. The tribes reside mainly in forests and depend on natural resources for their livelihood. So, cutting down trees and forests is an immediate threat to their survival. 

  • Loss of culture: They are often asked by the government to shift to a new place. It results in losing their original lands and homes. They lose their own distinguishable culture and nothing can be more threatful than this. 


Benefits of Important Questions from Vedantu for Class 6 Chapter 9 - Urban Livelihoods

Explore the advantages of Important Questions from Vedantu for Class 6 Chapter 9 - 'Urban Livelihoods.' These carefully curated resources offer a focused approach to studying key topics efficiently. Designed to prepare students for exams and alleviate anxiety, they reinforce fundamental concepts, promote effective time management, and enable self-assessment with progress tracking. With a strategic approach that covers a wide range of topics comprehensively, these resources support exam preparation, providing students with the confidence to achieve higher scores. Utilize these Important Questions to enhance your understanding of Urban Livelihoods and excel in your Class 6 studies.


Conclusion

Reviewing important questions for Class 6 Chapter 9 - Urban Livelihoods ensures a solid grasp of key topics. The extra and important questions engage in a concept-focused discussion, saving time during exam prep and enhancing comprehension. Practice with these questions streamlines preparation, boosting confidence for upcoming exams. The chapter delves into understanding how people earn a living in cities, exploring diverse jobs and work dynamics. It aims to provide Class 6 students with a comprehensive insight into urban livelihoods, fostering an understanding of the various ways individuals sustain themselves in urban areas.

FAQs on Important Questions for CBSE Class 6 Social Science - Social and Political Life Chapter 9 - Urban Livelihoods

1. What are the key topics covered in Class 6 Chapter 9 - Urban Livelihoods?

Explore the various aspects of how people earn a living in cities, including diverse jobs and work dynamics.

2. How can important questions from Vedantu aid in exam preparation for Urban Livelihoods?

They focus on key topics, reduce anxiety, reinforce fundamental concepts, and offer a strategic approach for higher scores.

3. Why is a strategic approach important in understanding Urban Livelihoods?

It helps efficiently cover a wide range of topics, supports comprehensive understanding, and boosts confidence during exam preparation.

4. What benefits do Vedantu’s Revision Notes offer for Urban Livelihoods in Class 6?

They provide quick summaries, simplify complex topics, and offer practical examples for real-world connections.

5. How can self-assessment and progress tracking contribute to effective Urban Livelihoods exam preparation?

These tools enable students to gauge their understanding, manage time effectively, and enhance overall preparation for Class 6, Chapter 9.