Science is the application of knowledge while comprehending the natural and the physical world following a systematic approach established on some evidence. It is the way by which we organize everything that is already known to us and learn more through experiments. Every moment science is constantly evolving, thus, helping us to understand the world around us.
November has been the month of the year when many renowned inventors and scientists were born throughout history. The professionals who systematically conduct research, gather proof to make various hypotheses and then perform experiments to study and share their understanding and knowledge are called scientists.
A promising scientist must have good observing power and creativity, constantly urge to know more, think logically, be sceptical about existing and new ideas, show objectivity to gain accuracy, and be peer-reviewed. In this article, you will get introduced to all the famous November-born scientists.
November, the 11th month of the year, seems to have given the world an outstanding number of influential scientists and inventors. For hundreds of years, we have had an overwhelming number of such November-born famous minds, including revolutionary chemists, inventors and discoverers of wide-ranging materials and chains of chemical reactions, who have received recognition and rewards in their respective fields of work.
Nobel Prize includes five prizes which, according to Alfred Nobel’s vision, were awarded to those who extensively contributed to the betterment of the world through their studies and research in science, knowledge and humanism. Here is a list of the scientist’s birthdays, along with the Nobel winner born in November who made significant changes to the world with the achievements they had in their lifetimes:
Marie Curie, born on 7th November 1867, was a Polish and naturalized-French physicist and chemist who performed groundbreaking research on radioactivity. She is well-known for conducting experiments on Uranium minerals in 1898 that led to the discovery of two new elements, Polonium and Radium. She was the first woman to win the Nobel Prize in the year 1903 and also the first person to win the Nobel Prize twice in two different scientific fields, physics and Chemistry.
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Sir Chandrasekhar Venkata Raman, born on 7th November 1888, was an Indian physicist noted for his exceptional work in light scattering. In 1930, he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for his auspicious research on the scattering of light and the discovery of the effect it causes, named after him the Raman Effect. This effect researches in optics and acoustic.
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Ronald George Wreyford Norrish, a British chemist, was born on the 9th of November, 1897. He received the Nobel Prize in 1967, along with Manfred Eigen and George Porter, for the development of flash photolysis. One of his achievements is the invention of the Norrish reaction, a photochemical reaction in the field of organic chemistry with ketones and aldehydes.
On the 10th of November 1918, Ernst Otto Fischer, one of the famous chemistry scientists, took birth in Germany. He identified a new way metal could combine with organic substances. He won the Nobel Prize in 1973 for pioneering inventions in organometallic chemistry.
John William Strutt, 3rd Baron Rayleigh, also known as Lord Rayleigh, was born on this day. He was an English mathematician who contributed to Science by developing approaches to studying the various physical properties of gases in the atmosphere. He received the honorary Noble Prize, among many other recognitions, for his extensive research on the densities of the essential gases as well as for discovering the chemical element Argon in connection with all these studies.
Edward Adelbert Doisy, who took birth on 13th November 1893, was an American biochemist who was chiefly concerned with the studies of sex hormones and Vitamins K1 and K2. He was awarded the Nobel Prize along with Henrik Dam in 1943 in Physiology or Medicine for their discovery of Vitamin K and its chemical structure. His study of sex hormones led to the isolation of estrone, and later on, he identified a more powerful female sex hormone called estradiol.
Eugene Paul Wigner, a Hungarian-American mathematician and theoretical physicist, was born on 17th November 1902. He built the foundation for the theory of symmetries in quantum mechanics and introduced the Wigner D-matrix in 1927. He received the Nobel Prize in 1963 for his extensive contributions to the theory of the atomic nucleus and elementary particles through his discovery and application of fundamental symmetry principles.
Patrick Maynard Stuart Blackett, a British experimental physicist, was born on 18th November 1897. He was noted for his research on cosmic rays, cloud chambers and palaeomagnetism. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1948 for his extensive investigation of cosmic rays with the use of his invention of the counter-controlled cloud chamber.
James Batcheller Summer, an American chemist, was born on 19th November 1887. He received the Nobel Prize along with John Howard Northrop and Wendell Tanley for the discovery of the crystallization of enzymes. He is also noted as the first person to prove enzymes are proteins.
Earl Wilbur Sutherland Jr. was an American biochemist and pharmacologist born on the 29th of November, 1915. He discovered the mechanism of the actions of hormones which led him to win the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1971.
Henry Taube, born on 30th November 1915, was one of the American famous chemistry scientists. He researched that both ruthenium and osmium are highly capable of back bonding. In 1983, he received the Nobel Prize for his immense work in the technique of electron-transfer reactions, specifically in metal complexes.
November has been the month in science history that has witnessed the birth of a magnificent number of scientists who have immensely contributed to the growth and development of society. This article summarises the scientist’s birthday and the Nobel winner born in November. It also talks about the discoveries and inventions made by these famous minds, which brought light to humankind and nature.