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# Difference Between Place Value and Face Value

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## Meaning of Place Value and Face Value: Introduction

To know the difference between place value and face value first, we need to deal with some questions, such as, “What is place value and face value”. When dealing with numbers, two fundamental concepts play a crucial role in understanding their meaning and manipulating them effectively: place value and face value. While these terms may sound similar, they actually represent distinct aspects of a number's structure and value. Understanding the difference between place value and face value is essential for anyone seeking to develop a solid foundation in mathematics. In this article, we will understand the meaning of place value and face value by knowing their definitions, significance, and practical implications.

Last updated date: 23rd Sep 2023
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## What is Place Value?

Place value refers to the positional significance or the relative worth of a digit within a number, based on its position or place within the number. In other words, it determines the value that a digit holds based on its location, indicating how much it contributes to the overall value of the number. Some characteristics of place value are listed below:

• Positional significance: Place value indicates the importance of the position of each digit in a number. Each position to the left represents a higher power of ten, indicating a greater value, while each position to the right represents a lower power of ten, indicating a smaller value.

• Base-ten system: The decimal system operates on a base-ten system, meaning each place value position is a power of ten. The rightmost position is the units place, followed by the tens place, hundreds place, thousands place, and so on.

• Powers of ten: Each place value position to the left represents a higher power of ten. For example, the tens place is 10 to the power of one (101), the hundreds place is 10 to the power of two (102), and so forth.

• Value determination: The value of a digit is determined by multiplying the digit itself by the corresponding power of ten for its position. For instance, in the number 356, 3 is in the hundreds place, so its value is 3 multiplied by 102, which is 300.

• Shifting positions: When a digit moves one place to the left, its value increases tenfold, while moving one place to the right reduces its value by a factor of ten. This shifting of positions is essential for performing mathematical operations like addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division.

• Expanded form: The expanded form of a number breaks it down into its place values. For instance, the number 532 can be expressed as (5 x 100) + (3 x 10) + (2 x 1), which highlights the values contributed by each digit in their respective positions.

• Place value chart: A place value chart is a visual representation that illustrates the different place values within a number. It helps in understanding the role and significance of each digit in relation to the whole number.

• Expansion and contraction: As numbers increase in magnitude, digits shift to higher place values, resulting in expansion. Conversely, when numbers decrease, digits shift to lower place values, leading to contraction.

Understanding place value is crucial for various mathematical operations. It forms the foundation for more advanced concepts like decimals, fractions, and even algebraic equations.

## What is Face Value?

Face value refers to the numerical value assigned to a digit in a number, regardless of its position within the number. Unlike place value, the face value of a digit remains constant and does not depend on its position or the power of ten associated with it. Some characteristics of face value are listed below:

• Inherent value: The face value represents the inherent or actual value of a digit in a number. It remains the same regardless of the digit's position within the number.

• Independent of position: Unlike place value, which changes based on the position of a digit, the face value remains constant. For example, in the number 532, the face value of the digit 3 is 3, irrespective of its position.

• Single-digit representation: Face value is usually used to refer to the value of individual digits, which typically range from 0 to 9 in most number systems.

• Numerical significance: The face value of a digit contributes to the overall value of the number. For instance, in the number 532, the face value of the digit 3 adds 3 units to the total value of the number.

• Role in place value determination: While face value is not directly related to place value, it plays a significant role in determining the overall value of a number when combined with its respective place values.

• Numerical representation: Face value is often expressed using the digits themselves. For instance, the face value of the digit 7 is 7, and the face value of the digit 2 is 2.

Understanding face value is important in various real-life scenarios, such as handling money transactions, reading numerical data, and interpreting numerical symbols.

### Difference Between Place Value and Face Value

 S. No Category Place Value Face Value 1. Definition Place value refers to the positional significance or the relative worth of a digit within a number, based on its position or place within the number. Face value refers to the numerical value assigned to a digit in a number, regardless of its position within the number. 2. Calculation The value of a digit is determined by multiplying the digit itself by the corresponding power of ten for its position. The face value does not involve any calculation; it simply represents the numerical value of the digit as it is. 3. Position vs. Intrinsic value The value of a digit in place value depends on its position within the number. The same digit can have different values based on its position. The face value of a digit remains constant and unaffected by its position within a number. It represents the actual numerical value of the digit itself. 4. Context Place value is primarily used in understanding and manipulating numbers within the decimal or base-ten numerical system. Face value is commonly used to determine the intrinsic worth of individual digits or symbols, particularly within numerical representations. 5. Representation Each place value position to the left represents a higher power of ten. For example, the tens place is 10 to the power of one (101), the hundreds place is 10 to the power of two (102), and so forth. Face value is usually used to refer to the value of individual digits, which typically range from 0 to 9 in most number systems. 6. Example In the number 356, 3 is in the hundreds place, so its value is 3 multiplied by 102, which is 300. In the number 356, the face value of the digit 3 is 3.

## Summary

Understanding the distinction between place value and face value is crucial for performing mathematical operations accurately, comprehending numerical systems, and interpreting the significance of digits within numbers. While place value guides calculations based on position, face value provides insight into the individual numerical worth of digits.

## FAQs on Difference Between Place Value and Face Value

1. How a number can be written in an extended form with the help of place value?

The expanded form of a number breaks it down into its place values. For instance, the number 532 can be expressed as (5 x 100) + (3 x 10) + (2 x 1), which highlights the values contributed by each digit in their respective positions.

2. How a face value can be represented?

Face value is usually used to refer to the value of individual digits, which typically range from 0 to 9 in most number systems.

3. How does the place value change with the shift in the position?

When a digit moves one place to the left, its value increases tenfold, while moving one place to the right reduces its value by a factor of ten.

4. Can the face value of a digit change?

No, the face value of a digit does not change. It represents the inherent worth of the digit and remains the same regardless of its position within a number.

5. Why is place value important?

Place value is crucial for understanding and manipulating numbers. It allows us to accurately represent, compare, and perform mathematical operations on numbers.