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Difference Between Pollination and Fertilisation

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What is Pollination?

Pollination is the act of movement of pollen grains from the male reproductive part of a flower to the stigma, which is the female reproductive part. The transfer of pollen can take place through butterflies, honey bees, wind etc. 

Types of Pollination 

The categorisation of pollination is based on the method of movement of pollen grains from flower to flower. There are primarily two kinds of pollination

  • Self-Pollination 

  • Cross-Pollination 

In self-pollination, pollen grains remain within the flower as it moves from its anther to stigma. However, in cross-pollination, presence of a vector is required, and the grains are transferred from one flower to another. The vectors can be air, insects or birds. Advancement in science has also allowed artificial pollination by man, especially for pollinating palm trees.

This aspect goes on to explain how the process of pollination is different from fertilisation.

Process of Pollination

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Process of pollination, as mentioned, also reflects the point of distinction according to the difference between pollination and fertilisation Class 10. 

  • Pollen grain reaches a sticky stigma of a flower

  • Pollen tube expands across the Style also receiving male sperm 

  • Sperm nuclei attach to female ovules

Fun Facts!

While insects may appear to be insignificant, they act as the primary pollinator agents. Around 200,000 – 300,000 invertebrate species like beetles, butterflies, moths, mosquitoes, flies, bees spread pollen between thousands of trees. Close to 2000 vertebrate species like mammals, birds and reptiles also act as pollinator agents.

Among all these agents, the little honeybee is the most important one!

What is Plant Fertilisation?

Plant fertilisation includes a fusion of male gametes (originating in the pollen tube of a flower) with the ovum (the female gamete). Fertilisation within a flower is necessarily preceded by pollination.

Process of Plant Fertilisation 

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  • Both male and female gametes fuse to create a zygote 

  • Zygote divides to form an embryo 

  • Embryo remains within ovule, and the latter develops into seed with tissues while ovary converts into fruit 

The steps and outcome of the process of plant fertilisation include the difference of pollination and fertilisation.

Difference Between Pollination and Fertilisation 




Role of Pollen tube 

Pollen tube not present 

Male gametes are transferred to ovum through pollen tube


First step to fertilisation where pollens reach from Anther to Stigma 

Zygote formation which divides to form an embryo 


External mechanism of transfer of pollen grains 

Internal mechanism of male gamete and female ovum fusion


Self-Pollination and Cross-Pollination 

Not applicable 

Role of external agents 

External pollination agents include bees, birds, wind etc. 

External agents have no role

Test Your Knowledge

i. What is the primary purpose of a pollen tube?

(a) Allowing pollen movement from stigma to ovary for plant fertilisation 

(b) Attracting pollination agents 

(c) Producing nectar from pollen 

(d) Protecting movement from anther to stigma 

Ans: (a) Allowing pollen movement from stigma to ovary for plant fertilisation

ii. In plant fertilisation, male gametes transported by wildlife or wind takes place through:

(a) Pollen 

(b) Stamen 

(c) Bees only 

(d) Petals 

Ans. (a) Pollen

You can find out more about related topics from online study materials available over Vedantu’s platform. All you have to do is to install the app on your preferred device!

How to study Fertilisation and Pollination by making notes

  • Go through Vedantu’s Difference Between Pollination and Fertilisation

  • Read this entire page properly

  • Follow the sequence as given on Vedantu and then start taking notes in your own language

  • Avoid copy pasting from the website

  • Try to keep your sentences brief and encapsulate everything that’s on the page by writing just a couple of lines

  • Mark all those areas that seem important to you by using some coloured pen

  • Re-read everything that you’ve written down just to make sure that nothing from the page has been left out

  • Revise from these notes before an exam on the topic

How Vedantu Prepares Biology Students for Pollination and Fertilisation

Vedantu is India’s leading online tutoring platform that has a lot of relevant study material for the students of Science. 

It has Difference Between Pollination and Fertilisation on its platform for the students of Biology to read from. This material is completely free of cost and can be referred to offline as well if it is downloaded in a PDF format. Vedantu only has relevant material on its platform so that the students are not misguided in any manner. This way, they can blindly place their trust in this platform and study from here. Vedantu has subject matter on all the subjects and is easily accessible by the students. The page on pollination and fertilisation bears testament to this as it is a comprehensive page on the topic.

Last updated date: 22nd Sep 2023
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FAQs on Difference Between Pollination and Fertilisation

1. What are the types of pollination?

Pollination is of two types- self pollination and cross pollination.
More about Pollination has been included in Difference Between Pollination and Fertilisation that’s on Vedantu. Students can read from here and then understand how each works. The material on this platform is very relevant and can be used by all students to revise before their exams. It is quite informative for all students to go through. The types of Pollination are quite simple to understand as well as they have been logically explained on the page.

2. How can students understand the process of pollination?

The process of pollination can be understood once the students read from  Difference Between Pollination and Fertilisation that’s on Vedantu.
The entire page has vivid explanations on the topic as well as the other related topics. They can read from here and accordingly prepare for exams. Expert Biology teachers have contributed towards Vedantu’s study material and so, it has only the most relevant material. All students must go through this so as to understand the basics.  They can go through this page for all their queries.

3. Is plant fertilisation the same as pollination?

Plant Fertilisation is not the same as pollination. It involves the fusion of male gametes with the female ones. More about this can be read from  Difference Between Pollination and Fertilisation on Vedantu. This page is a comprehensive guidebook for all the Biology students who need to revise this particular chapter. The distinctions between each of the concepts has been made clearer so that the students know what exactly to study before an exam.  Both are quite different and need to be understood well for the sake of clarity.

4. How can students practise some questions on pollination?

Students can practise from Difference Between Pollination and Fertilisation on Vedantu’s online tutoring platform. This page has quite some questions for them to read and then understand.  They can assess their understanding of the topics once they go through these questions. All students must be well versed in the topic so that they can score well in their exams. Practice before any major assignment becomes crucial as it bolsters the understanding of students. All relevant questions will be found here.

5. What is cross pollination?

In Cross pollination, the grains are transferred from one flower to another. The definition has been provided on the difference between pollination and fertilisation that’s on Vedantu.
The concepts are quite clear in this page as it has been carefully created by the Biology teachers. Cross pollination is one among the two types of pollination that takes place in flowers. The other type is self-pollination. All students who need to know about this  in depth can read from the page as it has extremely relevant information.

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